Effect of denture quality on perioral muscle activity during speech

Authors

  • Carla Moreto Santos Stomatology and Physiology, USP
  • Mathias Vitti Stomatology and Physiology,USP
  • Maria da Glória Chiarelo Mattos Department of Prosthesis and Dental Materials, USP
  • Marisa Semprini Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, USP
  • Helena de Freitas Oliveira Paranhos Department of Prosthesis and Dental Materials, USP
  • Jaime Eduardo Cecilio Hallak Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, USP
  • Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, USP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v4i14.8641844

Keywords:

Denture. Complete. Electromyography. Lip muscle

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the electromyographic activity of the orbicularis oris muscle in patients using clinically inadequate conventional dentures before and after the insertion of clinically acceptable new convencional denture. Six patients, using inadequate dentures, were asked to pronounce the syllables PAH, BAH, MAH, SAH, FAH, VAH, MEE and the word MISSISSIPI. During this activity, we analyzed the Electromyographic activity of the orbicularis oris muscle. This was done before and after changing the inadequate denture for a acceptable new denture. A K6-I EMG Light Channel Surface Electromyograph was used (Myo-tronics Co). Results were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA, with 3 sources of variation (Syllables, Muscles, and Clinical Conditions). ANOVA revealed higher electromyographic readings in the mandibular fascicle of the orbicular oris muscle, as compared to those of the maxillary fascicle (F = 79.02; P<0.01). The comparison regarding clinical conditions indicated higher electromyographic values after insertion of acceptable new denture (F= 32.64; P<0.01). Clinical condition after the implantation of a new well-adapted complete denture revealed higher electromyographic activity levels than those measured with the use of maladapted complete dentures.

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Author Biographies

Carla Moreto Santos, Stomatology and Physiology, USP

Graduate at Odontologia from Universidade de São Paulo (2001), master's at Odontology from Universidade de São Paulo (2005) and ph.d. at Odontologia from Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto (2009). Has experience in Odontology, acting on the following subjects: eletromiografia, músculo orbicular da boca, portadores de prótese total, electromyography and prótese total.

Mathias Vitti, Stomatology and Physiology,USP

Mathias Vitti concluiu o doutorado em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas em 1968. Atualmente é professor titular da Universidade de São Paulo.Nos últimos cinco anos publicou 36 artigos em periódicos especializados e 71 trabalhos em anais de eventos, referentes a Eletromiografia. Possui 3 capítulos de livros publicados. Participou de 17 eventos no Brasil e 10 no exterior.

Maria da Glória Chiarelo Mattos, Department of Prosthesis and Dental Materials, USP

Graduate degree at Odontologia from Faculdade de Farmácia e Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto Usp (1978), master's at Reabilitação Oral from Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirao Preto Usp (1985) and doctorate at Reabilitação Oral from Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirao Preto Usp (1990). Has experience in Odontology, focusing on Odontological Materials, acting on the following subjects: PARTIAL DENTURE,TITANIUM, INDIRECT COMPOSITES.

Marisa Semprini, Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, USP

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1984), mestrado em Odontologia (Reabilitação Oral) pela Universidade de São Paulo (1990) e doutorado em Odontologia (Reabilitação Oral) pela Universidade de São Paulo (1993). Atualmente é Professor Titular da Disciplina de Morfologia do Corpo Humano e Morfologia da Cabeça e Pescoço, área da Anatomia, do Departamento de Morfologia, Fisiologia e Patologia Básica da Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo.

Helena de Freitas Oliveira Paranhos, Department of Prosthesis and Dental Materials, USP

Helena de Freitas Oliveira Paranhos concluiu o Curso de Graduação em Odontologia em 1984 (FORP-USP). Obteve o título de Especialista em Prótese Dental em 1986 (FORP-USP) e em Periodontia em 1988 (FOB-USP). Tem Mestrado (1991) e Doutorado (1996) em Reabilitação Oral (FORP-USP). Obteve o Título de Livre-Docência em 2003.

Jaime Eduardo Cecilio Hallak, Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, USP

Possui graduação em Medicina pela Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (1990), mestrado em Medicina (Saúde Mental) pela Universidade de São Paulo (1998), doutorado em Medicina (Saúde Mental) pela Universidade de São Paulo (2002) e pós-doutorado pela Universidade de Manchester - Inglaterra (2003).

Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo, Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, USP

Graduada em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Londrina (1988), mestrado (2000) e doutorado (2001) em Biologia e Patologia Buco-Dental, na área de Eletromiografia de Superfície pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (FOP). Atualmente é Professor Associado 3 do Departamento de Morfologia, Fisiologia e Patologia Básica da Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo. 

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Published

2015-11-19

How to Cite

1.
Santos CM, Vitti M, Mattos M da GC, Semprini M, Paranhos H de FO, Hallak JEC, Regalo SCH. Effect of denture quality on perioral muscle activity during speech. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 19 [cited 2022 Dec. 7];4(14):801-5. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641844