Utilization of xylitol as a preventive substance in dentistry

Authors

  • José Roberto de Magalhães Bastos São Paulo University
  • Lucilene Sanches Cirilo Cunha São Paulo University
  • Ricardo Henrique Alves Silva São Paulo University
  • Fabíola Elias São Paulo University
  • Hilton José Gurgel Rodrigues São Paulo University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v4i15.8641852

Keywords:

Dental caries. Prevention. Xylitol

Abstract

Dental caries is an infectious-contagious disease of multifactorial origin, which requires interference in one or more of its etiologic factors for prevention. Within this context, the utilization of xylitol is highlighted, which was initially studied as a sugar substitute because of its similarity as regards the sweetening power and later was also employed in other forms for caries prevention and control. The purpose of this study is to describe, by means of a review of the specialized literature, how xylitol can be used as an anticariogenic agent, demonstrating its properties and possible mechanisms of action in the prevention and control of dental caries. Analysis of many studies on xylitol revealed that it is available in many forms: chewing gums or tablets, mouthrinses, or even associated to toothpastes. Its anticariogenic properties are related to the reduction in plaque adhesion, remineralization of incipient carious lesions, and specific reduction of S. mutans

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Author Biographies

José Roberto de Magalhães Bastos, São Paulo University

has graduation at Odontologia by Universidade Federal Fluminense (1969) , specialization at Odontologia Preventiva e Social by Universidade Federal Fluminense (1979) , master's at Odontologia (Odontologia Social) by Universidade Federal Fluminense (1974) , Ph.D. at Saúde Pública by Universidade de São Paulo (1979) and Postdoctorate by Escola Superior de Medicina Dentária de Lisboa (1989) . Currently is professor of Universidade de São Paulo, Revisor de periódico of Revista Paraense de Odontologia, Membro de corpo editorial of Revista da ABOPREV, Revisor de periódico of Revista de Odontologia da UNESP, Membro de corpo editorial of Odontologia e Sociedade, Membro de corpo editorial of Journal of Applied Oral Science, Revisor de periódico of Saber Científico e Membro de corpo editorial of Revista Odontológica Dominicana. Has experience in the area of Odontology , with emphasis on Odontologia Social e Preventiva. Focused, mainly, in the subjects: Bochechos, Prevencao de Carie, Solucao de Fluor. 

Lucilene Sanches Cirilo Cunha, São Paulo University

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade do Sagrado Coração(2001), especialização em Odontologia em Saúde Coletiva pela Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais(2003) e aperfeicoamento em Odontologia em Saúde Coletiva pelo Associação Paulista de Cirurgiões Dentista(2001). Atualmente é Mestrado da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru Universidade de São Paulo. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Odontologia Social e Preventiva. Atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas:odontologia ocupacional, levantamentos em saúde bucal, serviços de saúde bucal.

Ricardo Henrique Alves Silva, São Paulo University

Ricardo Henrique Alves da Silva (DDS, MSc, PhD) School of Dentistry of Ribeirao Preto (FORP), University of São Paulo (USP) EMAIL [ricardohenrique@usp.br] SITE [www.ricardohenrique.com.br] FACEBOOK [www.facebook.com/odontolegalforpusp] PHONE: +55(16)3315-3969 Professional Activities - Chair - Forensic Odontology, USP - Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry. - Coordinator of the Forensic Odontology Specialization Program at USP - Ribeirão Preto School of Dentistry. - Member of the Forensic Odontology INTERPOL DVI Working Group - Past President of the Brazilian Association of Forensic Odontology (ABOL) - 2012/2014. - Member of the Brazilian DVI FOd WG for Major Events. - Book Author ? ?Orientação Profissional para o Cirurgião-Dentista: Ética e Legislação? (?Professional Guidelines to Dentists: Ethical and Legal aspects? published in Portuguese by GEN ? Editora Santos, 2010, ISBN: 978-85-7288-848-6). - Consultant Expert (Dental malpratice and litigance) in collaboration to Sao Paulo State Court. - Member of the Forensic Anthropology Lab Staff ? Center of Legal Medicine ? USP- Ribeirao Preto Medical School. - Graduate Supervisor for the MSc and PhD Programs.

Hilton José Gurgel Rodrigues, São Paulo University

Graduado em Odontologia pela Universidade Potiguar (2001), possui especialização Odontologia em Saúde Coletiva pela APCD - Associação Paulista de Cirurgiões-Dentistas (2003) e mestrado em Odontologia em Saúde Coletiva (Odontologia do Esporte) pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru da Universidade de São Paulo (2005). Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Saúde Coletiva, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: Estratégia Saúde da Família - ESF, odontologia desportiva, saúde bucal x saúde geral, odontologia preventiva, clareamento dentário, laserterapia, protetores bucais, traumatismos e cuidados dentários.

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Published

2015-11-19

How to Cite

1.
Bastos JR de M, Cunha LSC, Silva RHA, Elias F, Rodrigues HJG. Utilization of xylitol as a preventive substance in dentistry. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 19 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];4(15):891-3. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641852

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