Bond characteristics of porcelain fused to cast and milled titanium


  • Karina Andrea Novaes Olivieri Faculty of Odontology of São José dos Campos
  • Maximiliano Piero Neisser Faculty of Odontology of São José dos Campos
  • Marco Antônio Bottino Faculty of Odontology of São José dos Campos
  • Milton Edson Miranda Faculty of Odontology São Leopoldo Mandic,



Shear bond strength. Gold alloy. Titanium. Ceramic. Scanning electronic microscopy


Metalloceramic restorations combine the aesthetic properties of ceramic materials with the high strength of metals. The titanium has excellent biocompatibility, good mechanical properties and low density, and has been recently used for metalloceramic prosthesis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of these two materials, and also analyze their bonding interface using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Thirty-six specimens were prepared and divided in three groups: Group 1- gold alloy (Degudent U-Degussa) + Vita Omega 900 ceramic(Vita) (control group); Group 2 – milled commercially pure titanium (cpTiDentaurum) + Titankeramik ceramic (Vita); Group 3 – cast and milled commercially pure titanium (cpTi-Dentaurum) + Titankeramik ceramic(Vita). The shear bond strength mechanical assay was performed in an Instron 4301 machine with capacity for 500Kg. After the test completion, surfaces were evaluated using SEM. The numerical results, put in tables, were: G1= 40,55MPa (+/- 4,8), G2= 63,54 MPA (+/- 1,73) and G3= 68,17 MPA (+/- 1,19). The statistical analysis (ANOVA) showed no significant statistically differences between groups G2 and G3 and the values were larger (significant statiscally) than G1. It is concluded that the titanium alloys is a good alternative to gold alloys to metalloceramic restorations emphasizing that it is cheaper, biocompatible and is has a low density.


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Author Biographies

Karina Andrea Novaes Olivieri, Faculty of Odontology of São José dos Campos

Graduated in Dentistry, São Paulo State University Araçatuba (1996), master's degree in Dentistry (Partial Fixed Prosthodontics) [SJCampos] the Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (2000) and a PhD in Dental Prosthesis, Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (2003). He is currently assistant professor at the Center for Dental Research São Leopoldo Mandic, assistant professor of São Leopoldo Mandic Dental and professor/ coordinator of the Paulista Association Dentists - Bragança Paulista- SP- in the area of Prosthodontics and Occlusion / TMD. She has experience in the field of dentistry, working 20 years in clinical practice, with emphasis in Prosthodontics. National and international publications in the areas of dental prosthesis, dental ceramics, implants.

Maximiliano Piero Neisser, Faculty of Odontology of São José dos Campos

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade de São Paulo (1972), mestrado em Odontologia (Prótese Buco-Maxilo Facial) [S.J.Campos] pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1992) e doutorado em Materiais Dentários pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1997)

Marco Antônio Bottino, Faculty of Odontology of São José dos Campos

has graduation at Odontologia by Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1968) and Ph.D. at Odontologia (Clínica Integrada) by Universidade de São Paulo (1973) . Currently is professor of Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, Membro de corpo editorial of Revista da Associação Paulista de Cirurgiões Dentistas, Membro de corpo editorial of Revista Dental Press de Estética (Maringá), Membro de corpo editorial of Gaceta Dental, Membro de corpo editorial of Clínica. International Journal of Brazilian Dentistry, Membro de corpo editorial of Salusvita, Membro de corpo editorial of Pilares, Membro de corpo editorial of Ciência Odontológica Brasileira, Membro de corpo editorial of Pós-Graduação em Revista (FOSJC/UNESP), Revisor de periódico of Revista da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Membro de corpo editorial of RBP. Revista Brasileira de Implantodontia & Prótese sobre Implantes, Membro de corpo editorial of Implant News, Membro de corpo editorial of PCL. Revista Brasileira de Prótese Clínica & Laboratorial, Membro de corpo editorial of ImplantNews e Membro de corpo editorial of Implant News. Has experience in the area of Odontology. Focused, mainly, in the subjects: Prótese dentária, Cimentos dentários, Ciimentação, Coroas, Adaptação cervical. 

Milton Edson Miranda, Faculty of Odontology São Leopoldo Mandic,

Graduate in 1969 at the Federal University of Minas Gerais .Master's Degree in Prosthesis at the Ohio State University( 1983) and a Phd at the University of São Paulo(2001)Lectures at SLMandic School of Dentistry in post graduation courses at the Prosthodontics Department.


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How to Cite

Olivieri KAN, Neisser MP, Bottino MA, Miranda ME. Bond characteristics of porcelain fused to cast and milled titanium. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 19 [cited 2022 Sep. 26];4(15):923-8. Available from:




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