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Surface roughness of acrylic resins processed by microwave energy and polished by mechanical and chemical process


Acrylic resin. Polishing. Surface roughness. Microwave processing

How to Cite

Rizzatti-Barbosa CM, Gabriotti MN, Silva-Concilio LR, Joia FA, Machado C, Ribeiro MC. Surface roughness of acrylic resins processed by microwave energy and polished by mechanical and chemical process. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 25 [cited 2024 Feb. 26];5(16):977-81. Available from:


The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of polymerization methods (microwave energy - MW, and water bath - WB) and polishing techniques (chemical - C and mechanical - M) on the surface roughness of one heat-polymerized acylic resin (Vipi-Cril). Forty acrylic resin disk-shaped samples were made according to ADA specification nº 12. Half of samples were processed by microwave energy (500W for 3 minutes), and the other half by water bath (74±1 ºC for 9 hours). After deflasking, the samples were trimmed with a sequence of abrasive aluminum oxide sandpapers of different grades (180, 220 and 400) and divided in 4 groups according to polymerization methods and polishing techniques: G1: MW+CP, G2: MW+MP, G3: WB+CP and G4: WB+MP. Surface roughness values were measured using a Surfcorder SE 1700 rugosimeter (Kosaka Laboratory Ltd, Kosaka, Japan). Mann-Whitney test (p=.05) indicated significant differences between polishing methods processed by microwave energy (p= .0018), and between polishing methods processing by water bath (p= .0002). Samples processed by both methods (water bath or microwave energy) showed smoother surfaces when polished by mechanical polishing method, and polymerization methods did not influence in surface roughness.


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