Assessment of ultrasonic root surface scaling with different power settings. roughness evaluation.

  • Renato Corrêa Viana Casarin School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
  • Fernando Rodrigues Pinto School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
  • Francisco Humberto Nociti Júnior School of Dentistry atPiracicaba, UNICAMP
  • Enilson Antônio Sallum School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
  • Antônio Wilson Sallum School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
  • Márcio Zaffalon Casati School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
Keywords: Ultrasonics. Root scaling. Root planing. Potency

Abstract

Ultrasonic and curette instrumentation produces a rougher root surface which could be influenced by working parameters such as instrumentation time, pressure and tip angulations. Thus, the aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate root roughness after ultrasonic instrumentation with different power settings and compared it to curette instrumentation. Ninety extracted human teeth were assigned to one of five groups: control group (without instrumentation), curette instrumentation, ultrasonic instrumentation with low, medium, and high power. Before and after instrumentation, surface roughness was measured with a profilometer and the surfaces were examined under the SEM. The mean roughness values of the treated roots were higher than the non-treated roots (0.40+0.08mm). Roots treated by ultrasonic instrumentation had higher roughness means than roots treated by curettes (1.120+0.241mm). Among ultrasonic groups, the higher power setting produced the higher roughness mean (1.58+0.23mm), which was significantly higher than the roughness obtained with the low power setting (1.39+0.18mm). These findings show that ultrasonic instrumentation with a high power setting produced a rougher root surface than ultrasonic instrumentation with a lower power setting. In addition, manual instrumentation with curettes produced lower roughness than ultrasonic instrumentation independent of power setting

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Author Biographies

Renato Corrêa Viana Casarin, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
bachelor's at Odontologia from Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (2003), master's at Clinical Odontology from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2006) and doctorate at Odontology from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2009). He is currently researcher at Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - FOP and full professor at Universidade Paulista. Has experience in Odontology, focusing on Odontology, acting on the following subjects: lesões de furca, proteínas derivadas da matriz do esmalte and estudo clínico randomizado.
Fernando Rodrigues Pinto, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
It has graduation in dentistry For the State University of Cmpinas (1999). He has experience in the field of dentistry emphasizing Periodontology and Implant Dentistry , mainly nos following topics: periodontal disease , antibiotic therapy,periodontal / peri-implant esthetics.
Francisco Humberto Nociti Júnior, School of Dentistry atPiracicaba, UNICAMP
graduate at Odontologia from Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (1988), master's at Odontology from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1994) and ph.d. at Clinical Odontology from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1997). Has experience in Odontology, acting on the following subjects: doenças periodontais, regenerative procedures, titanium implants, smoking/adverse effects and osseointegration.
Enilson Antônio Sallum, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1990), especialização em Periodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1996), mestrado em Biologia Patologia Buco Dental pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1993), doutorado em Clínica Odontológica pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1996) e pós-doutorado pela University of Texas - Houston(1999).
Antônio Wilson Sallum, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1967), especialização em Periodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1980), especialização em Endodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1980) e doutorado em Ciências Periodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(1973). Atualmente é professor titular da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Clínica Odontológica.
Márcio Zaffalon Casati, School of Dentistry at Piracicaba, UNICAMP
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1995), mestrado em Clínica Odontológica pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1999) e doutorado em Clínica Odontológica pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2001).

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Published
2015-11-25
How to Cite
Casarin, R. C. V., Pinto, F. R., Nociti Júnior, F. H., Sallum, E. A., Sallum, A. W., & Casati, M. Z. (2015). Assessment of ultrasonic root surface scaling with different power settings. roughness evaluation. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 5(17), 996-1000. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v5i17.8641883
Section
Article