Chewing performance and bite force in children

Authors

  • Alexandre Durval Lemos State University of Paraíba
  • Flávia Riqueto Gambareli State University of Campinas
  • Marcia Diaz Serra State University of Campinas
  • Rafael de Liz Pocztaruk Dental School of ULBRA-SOBRACID
  • Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião State University of Campinas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v5i18.8641911

Keywords:

Mastication. Muscle strength. Mixed dentition. Dental arch. Children

Abstract

The aim was to correlate the chewing performance and maximum bite force in children, considering the morphologic characteristics of occlusion and body mass index (BMI). Thirty-six children participated (19 girls and 17 boys, mean age 9.06 years). The occlusal characteristics were evaluated by intra-oral examination. Body weight (kg) and height (m) were assessed using a balance with anthropometrical scale, and BMI determined (kg/m2 ). For chewing performance the children chewed a round silicone tablet (5 mm thick and 15 mm in diameter, 1.2 g ±0.005 g) with 20 strokes. The particle sizes were analyzed by a software. The bite force was determined with a pressurized rubber tube connected to a sensor element. There was no difference between genders in all variables. Bite force correlated negatively with particles sizes (p<0.001), meaning that high bite forces implicated in better chewing performance, and was weakly correlated with BMI (r=0.410, p<0.05). Children with different molar and canine relationship did not show differences among the variables. It was concluded that chewing performance depended on the maximum bite force, but other factors like the number and area of occlusal contacts, the amount of lateral excursion during mastication and dentition phase also may play a role. The occlusal characteristics did not influence the chewing measurements, whereas body size had a relationship with bite force.

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Author Biographies

Alexandre Durval Lemos, State University of Paraíba

Possui graduação pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (1996). É especialista em Ortopedia Funcional dos Maxilares pelo CFO (2002). Possui mestrado em Odontologia (área de concentração em Fisiologia Oral) pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas FOP-UNICAMP (2002). Doutor em Odontologia com área de concentração em Odontopediatria pela FOP-UPE (2013). Atualmente é Professor-Adjunto A da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Odontopediatria, Ortopedia Funcional dos Maxilares e Reabilitação Neuroclusal, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: eficiência mastigatória, força de mordida, disfunção temporomandibular, perfil mastigatório e oclusão.

Flávia Riqueto Gambareli, State University of Campinas

graduate at Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba from Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2001) and master's at Pós-Graduação em Odontologia from Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (2006). Has experience in Odontology, focusing on Odontology, acting on the following subjects: prótese parcial removível, perda precoce de dentes decíduos, crianças, odontopediatria and disfunção temporormandibular.

Marcia Diaz Serra, State University of Campinas

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(2002) e mestrado em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas(2006). Tem experiência na área de Odontologia. Atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas:dentição mista, perda precoce, ultrasonografia, força de mordida, músculo masseter e músculo temporal.

Rafael de Liz Pocztaruk, Dental School of ULBRA-SOBRACID

has graduation at Odontologia by Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (2002) , graduation at ESTÁGIO NO EXTERIOR by Dr Palm Panek And Billups S Office (2001) , master's at Odontologia by Universidade Luterana do Brasil (2006) , Ph.D. at Odontologia by Universidade Luterana do Brasil (2009) and aperfeicoamento at EXTENSÃO NA PRÓTESE VII E VIII SOBRE IMPLANTES by Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (2004) . Currently is Professor of Centro de Estudos e Aperfeiçoamento Em Odontologia e Professor of Universidade Luterana do Brasil Sociedade Brasileira dos Cirurgiões Dentist. Has experience in the area of Odontology , with emphasis on Prótese Dentária. Focused, mainly, in the subjects: fisiologia oral, movimentos mandibulares, mastigação. 

Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião, State University of Campinas

bachelor's at Odontologia from Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (1977), master's at Odontology from Universidade de São Paulo (1990) and doctorate at Odontology from Universidade de São Paulo (1992). Has experience in Odontology, acting on the following subjects: TMD, occlusion, eletrctromyography. ultrasound, salivary biomarkers., quality of life.

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Published

2015-11-26

How to Cite

1.
Lemos AD, Gambareli FR, Serra MD, Pocztaruk R de L, Gavião MBD. Chewing performance and bite force in children. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Nov. 26 [cited 2022 Nov. 28];5(18):1101-8. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8641911