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Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in preschool children in a recently fluoridated Brazilian town
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Keywords

Dental caries
Epidemiology
Preschool
Oral health

How to Cite

1.
Fernandes JMF de A, Paredes S de O, Almeida DB de, Sampaio FC, Forte FDS. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in preschool children in a recently fluoridated Brazilian town. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 2 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];8(4):185-8. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642054

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of dental caries and to estimate the treatment needs, in 4-6-year-old preschool children in a Brazilian town that has recently started a water fluoridation program. Methods: Children (n=127) were randomly selected and examined according to the WHO criteria. The children were examined in schools by calibrated dentists. The intra- and inter-examiner reliability of caries scores showed kappa values ranging from 0.81-0.95 and 0.8, respectively. Mann-Whitney and chisquare tests were used to analyze the results with 5% significance. Results: The mean ± SD dmft was 4.45 ± 3.9 (95%CI 3.76-5.41). The dmft index was mainly composed by the decayed component (4.18 ± 3.4 - 95%CI 3.57-4.79). Only 21.3% of the children were “caries-free” (dmft=0) and 62.2% showed dmfte”3. Fillings and pulp therapy were the most required treatments. Conclusions: The data collected in this study indicate that young children have high caries prevalence and many teeth needing treatment. In addition to the fluoridation program in the public water supply, appropriate health promoting strategies must be implemented to the most vulnerable age groups for controlling dental caries.
https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v8i4.8642054
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