Dental caries experience in preschool children of Bauru, SP, Brazil

Authors

  • Fábio Silva de Carvalho Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Cristiane Alves Paz de Carvalho Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Roosevelt da Silva Bastos Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Angela Xavier Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • Sabrina Pulzatto Merlin Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
  • José Roberto de Magalhães Bastos Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v8i2.8642261

Keywords:

Dental caries, Child, Preschool, Oral health

Abstract

Aim: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate dental caries experience and prevalence in three to six-yearold preschool children from three public kindergartens of the city of Bauru, SP, Brazil. Methods: The sample comprised 283 children (142 boys; 141 girls) aged 3 to 6 years old. For data analysis, the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth), Significant Caries Index (SiC Index), percentage of caries-free children, Gini Coefficient and Care Index were determined. Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used with 5% significance. Results: The mean (SD) dmft index was 1.40 (2.63). Among the examined children, 63.25% were caries-free. The decayed component comprised 77.28% of the dmft. The Care Index was 19.70%, indicating limited utilization of dental treatment by children. The SiC index was 4.11 and the Gini Coefficient was 0.78 in the survey. The results showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the prevalence of the disease between the ages and between males and females. Conclusions: Dental caries experience and prevalence in preschool children were considered low in this study and the occurrence of polarization of the disease was identified.

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Author Biographies

Fábio Silva de Carvalho, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

DDS, MS, Graduate student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontic and Public Health, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Bauru (SP)

Cristiane Alves Paz de Carvalho, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

DDS, MS, Graduate student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontic and Public Health, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Bauru (SP)

Roosevelt da Silva Bastos, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

DDS, MS, Graduate student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontic and Public Health, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Bauru (SP)

Angela Xavier, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

DDS, Undergraduate student, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontic and Public Health, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, USP, Bauru (SP)

Sabrina Pulzatto Merlin, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

DDS, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontic and Public Health, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, USP, Bauru (SP)

José Roberto de Magalhães Bastos, Universidade de São Paulo (USP)

DDS, MS, PHD, Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontic and Public Health, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, USP, Bauru (SP)

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Published

2015-12-14

How to Cite

1.
Carvalho FS de, Carvalho CAP de, Bastos R da S, Xavier A, Merlin SP, Bastos JR de M. Dental caries experience in preschool children of Bauru, SP, Brazil. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 14 [cited 2022 May 16];8(2):97-100. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642261

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