An overview of caries risk assessment in 0-18 year-olds over the last ten years (1997-2007)

Authors

  • Elaine Pereira da Silva Tagliaferro
  • Vanessa Pardi
  • Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano tate University of Campinas, Brazil
  • Marcelo de Castro Meneghim
  • Antonio Carlos Pereira

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v7i27.8642496

Keywords:

Dental caries, Risk, Assessment, Prediction

Abstract

This study aimed to review the dental literature about caries risk assessment over the last 10 years in order to show which variables have been considered risk predictors and risk factors of dental caries in infants, preschool-, schoolchildren and adolescents. A Medline search of the published English language literature from 1997 to 2007 was made for papers of longitudinal studies that reported on caries risk assessment. A total of 39 papers were included in this review. Most studies were conducted in schoolchildren (n=19), followed by preschool children (n=9), adolescents (n=7) and infants (n=4). Variables such as caries experience, gingival status, microbiological counts, oral hygiene, plaque mineral concentration, fluoride history, socioeconomic and educational level, demographic, anthropometrical, oral, dietary and toothbrushing habits were studied. Past caries experience has been the predominant predictor for future caries in 0-18- year-old subjects. Other variables, such as dietary habits, including sugar intake, and toothbrushing habits may also help identifying high-risk individuals. In conclusion, the variables related to caries experience continue to be the main predictor of caries increment.

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Author Biographies

Elaine Pereira da Silva Tagliaferro

DDS, MS, PhD, Postdoctoral Student

Vanessa Pardi

DDS, MS, PhD, Postdoctoral Student; DDS, MS, PhD, Professor, Graduate Program in Community Health, Dental School, University of Sagrado Coração, Brazil

Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, tate University of Campinas, Brazil

Agr.Eng., MS, PhD Professor, Department of Community Dentistry, Dental School of Piracicaba, State University of Campinas, Brazil

Marcelo de Castro Meneghim

DDS, MS, PhD, Professor, Department of Community Dentistry

Antonio Carlos Pereira

DDS, MPH, DrPH, Professor, Department of Community Dentistry

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Published

2015-12-23

How to Cite

1.
Tagliaferro EP da S, Pardi V, Ambrosano GMB, Meneghim M de C, Pereira AC. An overview of caries risk assessment in 0-18 year-olds over the last ten years (1997-2007). Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 23 [cited 2023 Feb. 3];7(27):1682-90. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642496

Issue

Section

Clinical Cases

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