Appraisal of oral lesions status of HIV/AIDS patients in South Western Uganda

Authors

  • Ezera Agwu
  • John Cletus Ihongbe
  • Jackson Francis Tirwomwe
  • Victoria Pazos
  • Michael Tirwomwe
  • Luis Casadesus

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v7i26.8642673

Keywords:

Oral lesions, HIV/AIDS, Uganda

Abstract

Aim: To establish a regional surveillance data that may contribute to improvement of oral health prevention/control programs in South Western Uganda. Methods: Using WHO guidelines, HIV-associated oral lesions were identified among 605 HIV/AIDS patients (469 females and 136 males), selected at random from 4 districts of South Western Uganda. Pearson’s Chi square test of independence (α=0.01), was used to compare results. Results: Prevalence of oral lesions was 73.2%. Pseudomembranous Candidiasis (PC) showed the highest overall prevalence of 71.1% (34.9% single and 36.2% mixed); followed by 39.9% prevalence of Erythematous Candidiasis (EC) (13.2%) single; 26.7% mixed) and 18.8% prevalence of Angular Chelitis (AC) (3.1% single and 15.7% mixed). There was: 23.6% co-infection of PC and EC; 12.6% PC and AC, 3.1% were EC and AC, and 17.0% intra-oral pigmentation. Prevalence of oral lesions was significantly (p<0.01) dependent on host pre-exposure to antimicrobials. Conclusions: Oral infections are still highly prevalent among the studied HIV/AIDS patients in South Western Uganda. This observation may be due to inadequate antimicrobial agents and oral/dental care. There’s urgent need to train primary health care workers in management of oral lesions associated with HIV/AIDS. More studies are needed to evaluate HIV/AIDS oral lesions in the populace.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Ezera Agwu

MSc, PhD, Student, Lecturer and Head, Department of Medical Microbiology

John Cletus Ihongbe

BSc, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University

Jackson Francis Tirwomwe

BDS, DPD, Senior Lecturer and Head, Department of Dentistry

Victoria Pazos

BSc, PhD, Professor, Department of Medical Microbiology

Michael Tirwomwe

BSc, Teaching Assistant, Department of Biochemistry

Luis Casadesus

BSc, MSc, Professor, Department of Medical Microbiology School of Health Sciences, Kampala International University, Western Campus, Bushenyi

Downloads

Published

2016-01-08

How to Cite

1.
Agwu E, Ihongbe JC, Tirwomwe JF, Pazos V, Tirwomwe M, Casadesus L. Appraisal of oral lesions status of HIV/AIDS patients in South Western Uganda. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 8 [cited 2022 Dec. 5];7(26):1591-5. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642673

Issue

Section

Article