Halitosis: a review of basic principles

Authors

  • Naila Aparecida de Godoi Machado Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Paulinne Junqueira Silva Andresen Strini Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Mario Olavo Pena Carneiro Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Roberto Bernardino Júnior Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Alfredo Júlio Fernandes Neto

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v7i26.8642774

Keywords:

Halitosis, Bad breath, Oral malodor

Abstract

Halitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodor, is the general term used to describe any disagreeable odor in expired air, regardless of whether the odorous substances originate from oral or non-oral sources. Bad breath can be detrimental to one’s self-image and confidence, causing social, emotional and psychological anxiety. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the historical background, prevalence, social aspects and pathological causes of halitosis as well as the dental professional’s responsibility.

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Author Biographies

Naila Aparecida de Godoi Machado, Federal University of Uberlândia

DDS Graduate student, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia

Paulinne Junqueira Silva Andresen Strini, Federal University of Uberlândia

DDS Master’s degree student, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia

Mario Olavo Pena Carneiro, Federal University of Uberlândia

DDS Graduate student, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia

Roberto Bernardino Júnior, Federal University of Uberlândia

DDS, MSc, PhD Professor, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia

Alfredo Júlio Fernandes Neto

DDS, MSc, PhD Professor, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil

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Published

2016-01-08

How to Cite

1.
Machado NA de G, Strini PJSA, Carneiro MOP, Bernardino Júnior R, Fernandes Neto AJ. Halitosis: a review of basic principles. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 8 [cited 2022 Dec. 1];7(26):1627-30. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642774

Issue

Section

Literature Reviews

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