Halitosis: a review of basic principles

  • Naila Aparecida de Godoi Machado Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Paulinne Junqueira Silva Andresen Strini Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Mario Olavo Pena Carneiro Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Roberto Bernardino Júnior Federal University of Uberlândia
  • Alfredo Júlio Fernandes Neto
Keywords: Halitosis, Bad breath, Oral malodor

Abstract

Halitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodor, is the general term used to describe any disagreeable odor in expired air, regardless of whether the odorous substances originate from oral or non-oral sources. Bad breath can be detrimental to one’s self-image and confidence, causing social, emotional and psychological anxiety. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the historical background, prevalence, social aspects and pathological causes of halitosis as well as the dental professional’s responsibility.

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Author Biographies

Naila Aparecida de Godoi Machado, Federal University of Uberlândia
DDS Graduate student, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia
Paulinne Junqueira Silva Andresen Strini, Federal University of Uberlândia
DDS Master’s degree student, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia
Mario Olavo Pena Carneiro, Federal University of Uberlândia
DDS Graduate student, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia
Roberto Bernardino Júnior, Federal University of Uberlândia
DDS, MSc, PhD Professor, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia
Alfredo Júlio Fernandes Neto
DDS, MSc, PhD Professor, Dental School, Federal University of Uberlândia, Brazil
Published
2016-01-08
How to Cite
Machado, N. A. de G., Strini, P. J. S. A., Carneiro, M. O. P., Bernardino Júnior, R., & Fernandes Neto, A. J. (2016). Halitosis: a review of basic principles. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 7(26), 1627-1630. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v7i26.8642774
Section
Literature Reviews

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