Halitosis: a review of basic principles
AbstractHalitosis, also known as bad breath or oral malodor, is the general term used to describe any disagreeable odor in expired air, regardless of whether the odorous substances originate from oral or non-oral sources. Bad breath can be detrimental to one’s self-image and confidence, causing social, emotional and psychological anxiety. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the historical background, prevalence, social aspects and pathological causes of halitosis as well as the dental professional’s responsibility.
Copyright (c) 2008 Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences uses the Creative Commons license (CC), thus preserving the integrity of the articles in an open access environment.