Satisfaction level and masticatory capacity in edentulous patients with conventional dentures and implant-retained overdentures

  • Rafael de Liz Pocztaruk Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
  • Luis Carlos da Fontoura Frasca Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
  • Elken Gomes Rivaldo Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
  • Paulo Roberto Castro Mattia Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
  • Rafael Araújo Vidal Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil.
  • Eduardo Fernandes Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil,
  • Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil,
Keywords: Denture. Dental prosthesis. Implant-supported. Patient satisfaction. Mastication

Abstract

The difficulty of totally edentulous individual in performing the basic oral functions in a satisfactory and pleasant way directs the investigations for improvement of the rehabilitation techniques. This study aimed to perform an intra-patient analysis of the satisfaction level and masticatory capacity during the phases of the rehabilitation treatment with osseointegrated implants. Twelve edentulous patients (mean age: 61 years) participated. Satisfaction level and masticatory capacity were analyzed based on specific questionnaires for edentulous patients and by a verbal rating scale from 0 to 10, at three moments: with the old dentures, with conventional new ones after they had been received two osseointegrated implants in the mandible (after 60 days of use). After 5 months of the first surgical phase, gold cap ball attachments were adapted and the last evaluation was performed with the upper denture and the lower overdenture, after 30 days of use. The Friedman test was applied. The rehabilitation with implants produced a significant improvement in the satisfaction level (95.83%) and the masticatory capacity (94.07%). The new full dentures produced a better satisfaction and masticatory capacity than the old dentures. Besides, lower overdenture supported by two osseointegrated implants and a new upper conventional denture produced a higher scores than the conventional new dentures.

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Author Biographies

Rafael de Liz Pocztaruk, Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
Prof. Dr. Rafael de Liz Pocztaruk,
Graduado em Odontologia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (2002), com estágio no exterior em Michigan-Estados Unidos CRORS 13826
Luis Carlos da Fontoura Frasca, Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
Graduado em Odontologia em 1980, pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Mestre e Doutor pela Universidade de São Paulo, nos anos de 1985 e 1990, respectivamente. Além de sua experiência de mais de 30 anos no mercado de Odontologia, lecionou em Universidades reconhecidas, tais como: Pontíficia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul - PUCRS, entre os anos de 1986 e 1995, Universidade Luterana do Brasil – ULBRA, entre os anos de 1992 e 2010 e Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – UFRGS, na qual ingressou no ano de 1988 onde ocupa o cargo de professor adjunto.
Elken Gomes Rivaldo, Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (1985), especialização em Prótese Dentária pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (1991), mestrado em Prótese Dentária pela Universidade Luterana do Brasil (2001) e doutorado em Gerontologia Biomédica pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (2004).
Paulo Roberto Castro Mattia, Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul(2003), especialização em Implantodontia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul(2007), mestrado em Odontologia pela Universidade Luterana do Brasil(2006), ensino-fundamental-primeiro-grau pelo Colégio Nossa Senhora do Carmo(1997), ensino-medio-segundo-grau pelo Centro de Estudos Técnicos Universidade de Caxias do Sul(1998) e aperfeicoamento em Aperfeiçoamento Em Prótese Dentária pela Sociedade Regional de Ensino e Saúde Sobracursos Campus Porto Alegre(2004). Atualmente é Professor da Faculdade da Serra Gaúcha e Professor da Faculdade Ingá. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Materiais Odontológicos. Atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas:prótese dentária, apneia do sono.
Eduardo Fernandes, Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil,
Dr. Eduardo Fernandes é Cirurgião-Dentista em São Paulo, SP. Atua como especialista em Prótese Dentária. Faz parte do iDent desde Setembro de 2015.
Maria Beatriz Duarte Gavião, Dental School of Lutheran University of Brazil,
Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (1977), mestrado em Ciências Odontológicas pela Universidade de São Paulo (1990) e doutorado em Ciências Odontológicas pela Universidade de São Paulo (1995).

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Published
2016-01-19
How to Cite
Pocztaruk, R. de L., Frasca, L. C. da F., Rivaldo, E. G., Mattia, P. R. C., Vidal, R. A., Fernandes, E., & Gavião, M. B. D. (2016). Satisfaction level and masticatory capacity in edentulous patients with conventional dentures and implant-retained overdentures. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 5(19), 1232-1238. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v5i19.8642953
Section
Article