Genetics and molecular biology: a literature review of forensic dentistry application

Authors

  • Rhonan Ferreira Silva Piracicaba Dental School
  • Sávio Domingos da Rocha Pereira Piracicaba Dental School
  • Eduardo Daruge Júnior Piracicaba Dental School
  • Rejane da Silva Sena Barcelos Catholic University of Goias
  • Neide Maria de Oliveira Godinho Federal University of Goias
  • Rafael Souto http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0273-9741

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v6i20.8642958

Keywords:

Forensic dentistry. Forensic anthropology. Molecular biology. Victim identification

Abstract

Forensic expertise methodology normally used in different criminal investigation and forensic medicine field such as blood type, anthropologic analysis and forensic dentistry (dental records, X-rays, bite marks, among others) solved and will continue solving many crimes. Those methods will continue estimating age of several people. Nevertheless, since the development of genetics and molecular biology there were an increase in number and quality of solved cases. The present work points out the importance to associate certain forensic biology areas to traditional investigation methods in human identification, especially with forensic dentistry. It also shows that in some situations, teeth are an important source to genetic analysis and molecular studies. After a scientific literature review it was concluded that it is mandatory that those in forensic investigations acquire knowledge in forensic genetics in order to apply with traditional investigation techniques, this fact would produce an increase of information to Justice.

 

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Author Biographies

Rhonan Ferreira Silva, Piracicaba Dental School

 

Sávio Domingos da Rocha Pereira, Piracicaba Dental School

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (1994), Especialização em Dentística Restauradora pela Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo (1998) e Mestrado em Odontologia Legal e Deontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2004). Atualmente é Professor da Associação Educacional de Vitória (FAESA). Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Dentística e Odontologia Legal e Deontologia, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: Dentística Estética, Identificação Humana, Ética.

Eduardo Daruge Júnior, Piracicaba Dental School

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (1985), graduação em Direito pela Universidade Metodista de Piracicaba (1991), mestrado em Odontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (1993) e doutorado em Radiologia Odontologica /Área de Odontologia Legal pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba/Unicamp (1998).

Rejane da Silva Sena Barcelos, Catholic University of Goias

raduação em Biomedicina pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Goiás (1986); Mestrado em Biologia pela Universidade Federal de Goiás (2001); Doutorado em Biologia Animal pela Universidade de Brasília (2006); Atualmente é professora adjunta da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Goiás (1986) ministrando as disciplinas de Bioquímica, Genética e Fisiologia; Superintendente de Polícia Técnico-Científica do Estado de Goiás, ocupando o cargo de Perita Criminal de Classe Especial. Tem experiência na área de Genética, com ênfase em Genética Forense, Humana e Médica, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: análises forenses, marcadores moleculares, str, cromossomo y, banco de dados e haplótipos

Neide Maria de Oliveira Godinho, Federal University of Goias

Possui graduação em Direito pela Universidade Anhanguera de Goiás (1998), graduação em Ciências Biológicas-Modalidade Médica pela Universidade Católica de Goiás (1992), mestrado em Biologia pela Universidade Federal de Goiás (2001) e doutorado em Biologia Animal pela Universidade de Brasília (2008). Atualmente é perita criminal do Instituto de Criminalística Leonardo Rodrigues. Tem experiência na área de Genética, com ênfase em Genética humana, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: genética de populações humanas, DNA forense, criminalística.

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Published

2016-01-20

How to Cite

1.
Silva RF, Pereira SD da R, Daruge Júnior E, Barcelos R da SS, Godinho NM de O, Souto R. Genetics and molecular biology: a literature review of forensic dentistry application. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 20 [cited 2022 Dec. 9];6(20):1254-9. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642958

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Literature Reviews

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