Cervical pain in individuals with and without temporomandibular disorders


  • Lilian Gerdi Kittel Ries Santa Catarina State Development University
  • Fausto Bérzin State University of Campinas




Masticatory muscles. Physical examination. Pain. Electromyography


The objective of this study was to evaluate the association of the Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) with the presence of pain in the cervical region, as well as to evaluate the involvement of Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle during the activity of the temporal and masseter muscles during dental clenching. 40 female volunteers aged between 18 and 41 years, distributed into a control group and TMD group were enrolled in this study. Clinical examinations of the craniomandibular system and of the neck were performed. Myoelectric activity of the temporalis, masseter and SCM muscle was registered during the mandibular rest position and during the contraction in maximal intercuspal position. The results show to the existence of association between the groups and the presence of cervical pain. It was registered bigger myoelectric activity in SCM muscle during the contraction in maximal intercuspal position than mandibular rest position. The results of this study indicate that individuals with TMD present more pain in the cervical region. The presence of compensatory strategies represents a mechanism necessary to find stability for the mandibular and cervical region during the mandibular movements.


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Author Biographies

Lilian Gerdi Kittel Ries, Santa Catarina State Development University

Possui graduação em Fisioterapia pela Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (1985), mestrado em Neurociências pela Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (1998) e doutorado em Biologia Buco-Dental, na linha de pesquisa Eletromiografia, pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2006). Atualmente é professora associada da Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina. Professora responsável pela disciplina Fisioterapia Aplicada à Pediatria II no curso de Graduação de Fisioterapia e professora no curso de Mestrado em Fisioterapia. Tem experiência na área de Reabilitação, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: disfunção músculo-esquelética, neuropediatria, desenvolvimento e controle postural

Fausto Bérzin, State University of Campinas

Possui Graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1966) e Especialização em Anatomia pela Universidade de São Paulo (1970), Doutorado em Ciências pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba (1974). Professor Titular de 1966 a 2010 pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba-UNICAMP. Atualmente é Professor Colaborador da Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba-UNICAMP, Professor Visitante do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia, da Universidade Federal de São Carlos, no período de Março de 1998 a Setembro de 2010, Assessor do Fundo de Apoio ao Ensino à Pesquisa, Assessor da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo e Assessor do CNPq


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How to Cite

Ries LGK, Bérzin F. Cervical pain in individuals with and without temporomandibular disorders. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 20 [cited 2023 Feb. 2];6(20):1301-7. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642969




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