Immediate X Delayed loading dental implants: an overview

Authors

  • Luciano Elias da Cruz Perez Paulista University
  • José Maurício dos Santos Nunes Reis Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1910-2360
  • José Cláudio Martins Segalla Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics
  • Lígia Antunes Pereira Pinelli Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics
  • Regina Helena Barbosa Tavares Silva Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v6i22.8642993

Keywords:

Dental implants. Osseointegration. Oral surgery. Review literature

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to accomplish an overview about the principles of the indication and of the success parameters involving immediate and delayed loading dental implants procedures. Studies about the philosophies (immediate and delayed loading dental implants) and their clinical indications will be discussed in order to overview the rules for the clinical success in both techniques. In addition, studies regarding the criteria for immediate loading implants as primary stabilization, surface treatments and bone density and amount will be also analyzed. More important than the philosophy selection, is how and when to use it according to biomechanical rules and principles. Among the vast limitations pointed by the literature regarding procedures of immediate and delayed loading are evidenced the parafunctional habits, primary stabilization, bone quality, surface treatments and the number of dental implants. The anterior region of the jaw seems to be associated with a major percentage of satisfactory results, regardless of rehabilitation procedures. Although several studies have demonstrated high success rates for the immediate loading dental implants, several aspects remain without an explicit definition and further studies are needed to elucidate some reservations.

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Author Biographies

Luciano Elias da Cruz Perez, Paulista University

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho(2002), especialização em Especialização em Prótese Dentária pelo Conselho Federal de Odontologia(2008), mestrado em Reabilitação Oral - Área de Prótese pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho(2005) e doutorado em Reabilitação Oral - Área de concentração Prótese pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara Unesp(2009). 

José Maurício dos Santos Nunes Reis, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics

Graduado no curso de Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (2002), especialista, mestre (2005) e doutor (2009) em Reabilitação Oral pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara-UNESP. Professor Assistente Doutor da disciplina de Prótese Fixa Convencional e Sobre Implante da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara- UNESP. Professor do corpo permanente de Pós-Graduação em Reabilitação Oral da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara - UNESP (Conceito 5 CAPES). 

José Cláudio Martins Segalla, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade de Marília(1982), especialização em Dentística Restauradora pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho(1993), especialização em Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru pela Universidade de São Paulo(1988), mestrado em Odontologia (Reabilitação Oral) pela Universidade de São Paulo(1990) e doutorado em Dentística Restauradora pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho(1994). 

Lígia Antunes Pereira Pinelli, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara (1993), mestrado em Odontologia Área Cirurgia Traumatologia Buco Maxil pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba (1997) e doutorado em Reabilitação Oral Área de Prótese pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara (2001). 

Regina Helena Barbosa Tavares Silva, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics

Atualmente é professora Adjunto II da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP na Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara. No campo de investigações científicas, tem experiência na área de Odontologia, com ênfase em Materiais Odontológicos, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: pontas diamantadas, eficiência de corte de instrumentos rotatórios, biossegurança - esterilização de instrumentos por microondas, prótese fixa implanto-suportada e teste de Materias Odontológicos cimentantes em culturas de células MDPC-23.

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Published

2016-01-21

How to Cite

1.
Perez LE da C, Reis JM dos SN, Segalla JCM, Pinelli LAP, Silva RHBT. Immediate X Delayed loading dental implants: an overview. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 21 [cited 2022 Dec. 7];6(22):1367-71. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8642993

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