Comparative study of the clinical and anti-microbial efficacy of tongue cleaners

Authors

  • Juliana dos Reis Derceli São Paulo State University
  • Tatiane Arruda Tardivo São Paulo State University
  • Juliana Rico Pires São Paulo State University
  • Elaine Maria Sgavioli Massucato São Paulo State University
  • Silvana Regina Perez Orrico São Paulo State University
  • Denise Madalena Palomari Spolidorio São Paulo State University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v6i22.8643001

Keywords:

Candida species. Tongue cleaners. Tongue coating. Oral hygiene

Abstract

Candida species have frequently been isolated from the oral cavities of a variety of patients, such as elderly people, dentures users, immunocompromised and health patients. Yeasts may be associated with immune response and local factors such as poor oral hygiene. It was evaluated effectiveness of tongue cleaner showing which types would be preferred by patients, changes in tongue coating and in saliva yeasts counting. Thirty patients were selected and randomly distributed into three groups. This crossover blind study evaluated the effect of tongue cleaning using: a plastic and a steel tongue scraper and a nylon soft-bristle toothbrush. All patients were instructed to use the cleaners twice a day for one week (fifteen-day wash-out period). Saliva and tongue coating samples were collected from each patient from each test period, the yeasts were counted by colony forming units per mL (CFU/mL) and the species were identified. The patients were questioned about cleaner preference. An increase in the percentage of patients with no tongue coating after scraping was observed. A reduction in the mean number of Candida species in tongue coating was observed only after nylon soft-bristle toothbrush cleaner. Candida albicans was the prevalent species. Volunteers preferred to the steel tongue scraper (60%). Tongue cleaners reduced the tongue coating and the mean number of saliva’s yeasts. Degree of tongue coating favors the Candida species colonization

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Author Biographies

Juliana dos Reis Derceli, São Paulo State University

Graduada pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara-UNESP (2007), realizou Estágios de Treinamento, Estágios de Iniciação Científica com apoio financeiro FAPESP. Recebeu bolsa de Treinamento Técnico FAPESP. Mestre (2011) e doutora (2014) em Ciências, área de concentração Odontologia Restauradora, opção Dentística pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto - USP.

Tatiane Arruda Tardivo, São Paulo State University

É graduanda da Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara. Tem experiência na área de Microbiologia, Periodontia e Odontologia Legal, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: raspadores de língua, candida albicans, streptococcus mutans, staphylococcus aureus, microondas, Síndrome de Down, genética, maus tratos infantis.

Juliana Rico Pires, São Paulo State University

Graduada em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP (2000). Mestre em Odontologia, área de concentração Periodontia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP (2004). Doutora em Odontologia, área de concentração Periodontia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho - UNESP (2008).

Elaine Maria Sgavioli Massucato, São Paulo State University

Graduada em Odontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru - USP (1984). Mestrado em Odontologia - Área de Clínicas Odontológicas pela Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal da Bahia (1998). 

Silvana Regina Perez Orrico, São Paulo State University

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho-UNESP (1985), mestrado em Ciências Odontológicas pela UNESP (1989) e doutorado em Ciências Odontológicas pela UNESP(1992).

Denise Madalena Palomari Spolidorio, São Paulo State University

Denise M. Palomari Spolidorio é graduada em Ciências Biológicas pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (1986) e obteve o título de Mestrado (1992) e Doutorado (1996) em Biologia Patologia Buco-Dental pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP e Pós-Doutorado pela Universidade de Calgary, Canadá (2007)

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Published

2016-01-21

How to Cite

1.
Derceli J dos R, Tardivo TA, Pires JR, Massucato EMS, Orrico SRP, Spolidorio DMP. Comparative study of the clinical and anti-microbial efficacy of tongue cleaners. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016Jan.21 [cited 2021Dec.4];6(22):1407-10. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8643001

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