Multiple supernumerary teeth in non-syndromic patients. Report of 5 clinical cases

Authors

  • André Reis Castro Center Universitary of Lavras
  • Maria Cândida de Almeida Lopes Center Universitary of Lavras
  • Gilberto Oliveira Júnior Center Universitary of Lavras

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v6i22.8643003

Keywords:

Supernumerary teeth. Supplemental teeth. Rudimentary teeth

Abstract

A supernumerary tooth is one that is additional to the normal series and can be found in almost any region of the dental arch. They have been described in both primary and permanent dentition. Multiple supernumerary teeth are rare in non-syndromic patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate non-syndromic patients with five or more supernumerary teeth, by general and local clinical examinations, periapical, occlusal and panoramic radiographs. The patients’ data were collected regarding to the number of supernumerary teeth, location, shape, position and association to pathological lesion. Thirty-five supernumerary teeth were found, 17 in the mandible and 18 in the maxilla. In the lower arch, 16 supernumerary teeth were localized in the premolar region and 1 in a distomolar region. However, in the upper arch, there were 7 in the premaxilla, 6 in the premolar and 5 in the distomolar region. From the total, 28 were supplemental and 7 were found in a rudimentary shape. Completing the observations, 29 included teeth were detected and one showed a radiolucent area that suggested a dentigerous cyst. Six other teeth showed a widened follicular space. One of the upper molar from the normal series was related to an odontoma. We could conclude that mandible and maxilla were equally affected and most of the teeth morphology was similar in size and shape to normal tooth (supplemental). Twenty-nine teeth were impacted; however few have caused pathologies.

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Author Biographies

André Reis Castro, Center Universitary of Lavras

Dr. Andre Castro é Cirurgião-Dentista em Divinópolis, MG. Possui graduação em odontologia pela UNILAVRAS - Centro Universitário de Lavras, 2006. Atua como clínico geral. Faz parte do iDent desde Março de 2011.

Maria Cândida de Almeida Lopes, Center Universitary of Lavras

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal do Piauí (1994), mestrado em Clínica Odontológica com área de concentração em Cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1997), doutorado em Clínica Odontológica com área de concentração em Cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1999) e Pós-Doutorado em Cirurgia Buco-Maxilo-Facial com ênfase em Cirurgia da Articulação Têmporomandibular e Cirurgia Ortognática pela Universidade da Florida (USA).

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Published

2016-01-21

How to Cite

1.
Castro AR, Lopes MC de A, Oliveira Júnior G. Multiple supernumerary teeth in non-syndromic patients. Report of 5 clinical cases. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 21 [cited 2022 Nov. 28];6(22):1415-9. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8643003

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Section

Clinical Cases