Evaluation of facial pattern in Black Brazilian subjects

Authors

  • Maria Beatriz Borges de Araújo Magnani Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics Division
  • Darcy Flávio Nouer Department of Pediatric Dentistry/Orthodontics Division
  • Mayury Kuramae University of Campinas
  • Adriana Simoni Lucato State University of Campinas
  • Eloísa Marcantonio Boeck State University of Campinas
  • Silvia Amélia Scudeler Vedovello State University of Campinas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v6i23.8643006

Keywords:

Cephalometrics. Orthodontics. African continental ancestry group. Facial pattern

Abstract

Black subjects present craniofacial characteristics that differ from other ethnic groups. Thus, there is a need for studies that allow proper diagnostics for this specific group. This study aimed to evaluate the facial pattern in young Black Brazilian subjects by FMA and “Y”-axis cephalometric measurements. The sample comprised the lateral cephalograms of 37 Black untreated young Brazilian subjects of both genders (16 males and 21 females), aged from 10 to 14 years, all from Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil and surroundings; their occlusion was excellent by clinical standards, and they have never undergone orthodontic treatment. Following statistical analysis of data, it was observed no significant difference in facial pattern ratios between genders (Fisher’s exact test; p = 0.1596), but the prevailing facial pattern was mesofacial, followed by dolicofacial. Brachifacial pattern was absent in this sample. The mesofacial pattern was prevalent among females, and both mesofacial and dolicofacial patterns were equally distributed among males.

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Author Biographies

Maria Beatriz Borges de Araújo Magnani, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics Division

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1978), mestrado em Ortodontia [Piracicaba] pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1982) e doutorado em Ortodontia [Piracicaba] pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas (1994). Com curso de Aperfeiçoamento em Ortodontia na Tweed Foundation-Tucson -Arizona

Mayury Kuramae, University of Campinas

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Araraquara UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1997), mestrado em Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial pela UNICAMP - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2002), Título de Especialista em Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial reconhecido pelo CFO (2002) e doutorado em Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial pela UNICAMP - Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2006).

Silvia Amélia Scudeler Vedovello, State University of Campinas

Possui graduação em Odontologia pelo Centro Universitário Herminio Ometto - Uniararas (1999), Mestrado em Ortodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas - Unicamp (2002) e Doutorado em Ortodontia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas - Unicamp (2006). Atualmente é Professora Responsável pela Disciplina de Ortodontia e Vice Coordenadora do Programa de Mestrado em Odontologia do Centro Universitário Herminio Ometto - Uniararas.

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Published

2016-01-22

How to Cite

1.
Magnani MBB de A, Nouer DF, Kuramae M, Lucato AS, Boeck EM, Vedovello SAS. Evaluation of facial pattern in Black Brazilian subjects. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Jan. 22 [cited 2022 Sep. 28];6(23):1428-31. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8643006

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