Impact of dental caries on quality of life of adolescents according to access to oral health services: a cross sectional study

Authors

  • Angela Xavier Universidade do Estado do Amazonas – UEA, School of Dentistry, Area of Community Health, Manaus, AM, Brazil
  • Érica Silva de Carvalho Universidade do Estado do Amazonas – UEA, School of Dentistry, Area of Community Health, Manaus, AM, Brazil
  • Roosevelt da Silva Bastos Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Bauru Dental School, Department of Orthodontics and Community Health, Bauru, SP, Brazil
  • Magali de Lourdes Caldana Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Bauru Dental School, Department of Orthodontics and Community Health, Bauru, SP, Brazil
  • Patrícia Ribeiro Mattar Damiance Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Bauru Dental School, Department of Orthodontics and Community Health, Bauru, SP, Brazil
  • José Roberto de Magalhães Bastos Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Bauru Dental School, Department of Orthodontics and Community Health, Bauru, SP, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v15i1.8647090

Keywords:

Dental caries. Adolescent. Quality of life. Health services Accessibility.

Abstract

Aim: This study presents the prevalence of dental caries and its relation to the quality of life of adolescents according to the access to dental health services. Methods: Two hundred and fifty-six adolescents between 15 and 19 years of age participated in the study; they were all enrolled in public schools in a countryside municipality of the São Paulo State. Data related to dental caries were evaluated by the DMFT Index, and OHIP-14 was used for evaluating the quality of life. Mann Whitney and Spearmann correlation tests were also used (p<0.05). Results: A DMFT of 3.09 (±3.30) was found with a higher prevalence among the adolescents who used public dental services (3.43±3.34) compared with those who used private services (2.94±3.28). A statistically significant relationship between the decay component of DMFT with physical pain (0.020), physical disability (0.002) and quality of life (0.017) was verified. Conclusions: A low prevalence of dental caries was observed, and it was higher in adolescents who used public oral health services rather than private ones, evidencing the low influence of oral health on the quality of life of the participants.

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Author Biographies

Érica Silva de Carvalho, Universidade do Estado do Amazonas – UEA, School of Dentistry, Area of Community Health, Manaus, AM, Brazil

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade de Uberaba (1996), Especialista em Saúde Coletiva pela Universidade de Brasília - UnB (2000), Especialista em Odontologia do Trabalho pela Universidade de Brasília - UnB e SODF (2006). Curso de Pericias Forenses Universidade de São Paulo - USP - Bauru (2009). Mestre em Saúde Coletiva pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru - USP (2011). Atualmente é Professora efetiva da Universidade do Estado do Amazonas - UEA na disciplina de Atenção Integral a Saúde e coordenadora da disciplina de Educação em Saúde nos cursos de Enfermagem, Medicina e Odontologia e Saúde do trabalhador . (2012 até 2015) Professora do curso de Odontologia da UNINORTE nas disciplinas de Saúde Coletiva, Odontologia Legal e Diagnóstico Bucal. 

Patrícia Ribeiro Mattar Damiance, Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Bauru Dental School, Department of Orthodontics and Community Health, Bauru, SP, Brazil

Doutora em Ciências pelo Programa de Ciências Odontológicas Aplicadas da FOB-USP-Bauru. Mestre em Enfermagem pela Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu (2012). Especialista em Enfermagem Pediátrica (2010). Especialista em Didática e Metodologia do Ensino Superior (2010). Graduada em Enfermagem pela Faculdade de Medicina de Marília (2001). Docente do curso de graduação em Enfermagem da Faculdade Anhanguera de Bauru/Kroton. Experiências e vivências na área de Políticas Públicas de Saúde, Saúde Coletiva, Educação e Educação Especial.

José Roberto de Magalhães Bastos, Universidade de São Paulo - USP, Bauru Dental School, Department of Orthodontics and Community Health, Bauru, SP, Brazil

Graduado em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal Fluminense (1969), Professor de Bioestatística, Departamento de Saúde da Comunidade, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal Fluminense (1973-1975).Mestrado em Odontologia Preventiva e Social pela Universidade Federal Fluminense (1974).Professor Assistente FOB/USP, 1975-1979. Especialista em Odontologia Preventiva e Social (CFO, 1976). Doutorado em Saúde Pública pela Faculdade de Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo (1979). Professor Assistente Doutor, FOB/USP, 1979-1987. Livre Docencia em Odontologia Preventiva e Social (FOB/USP/1987). Professor Associado FOB/USP, 1987-1997. Pós Doutorado em Epidemiologia (Escola Superior de Medicina Dentária, Lisboa, Portugal, 1988/1989).

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Published

2016-10-13

How to Cite

1.
Xavier A, Carvalho Érica S de, Bastos R da S, Caldana M de L, Damiance PRM, Bastos JR de M. Impact of dental caries on quality of life of adolescents according to access to oral health services: a cross sectional study. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Oct. 13 [cited 2022 Aug. 12];15(1):1-7. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8647090

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