Factors influencing dental appearance satisfaction in adolescents: a cross-sectional study conducted in Southern Brazil

Authors

  • Gregori Franco Boeira Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • Mabel Miluska Suca Salas Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • Diogo Conceição Araújo Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • Alexandre Severo Masotti Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • Marcos Britto Correa Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil
  • Flávio Fernando Demarco Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v15i1.8647091

Keywords:

Patient satisfaction. Esthetics. Self concept. Color. Tooth. Malocclusion. Adolescent.

Abstract

The perception of dental aesthetic appearance may affect social interaction and psychological status, influencing dental needs and the search for treatments. Aim: To investigate the satisfaction with dental appearance and influencing factors among adolescents. Methods: The study was carried out among adolescents aged 14 to 19 years attending a private high school in Brazil. Data on demographic information, the perception of dental appearance, previous aesthetic treatments and wish to perform dental treatments were collected in the school. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s chi-square test or Linear Trend. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Poisson regression. Results: A total of 531 adolescents (Response rate = 98.3%) answered the questionnaire. The prevalence of dissatisfaction with dental appearance was 17.4%. Almost 65% had history of previous orthodontic treatment and 16% performed dental bleaching. Approximately 45% of children wished to undergo orthodontics and 54.8% to bleach their teeth. Dissatisfaction with dental appearance was associated with individuals unsatisfied with dental color (95% IC[1.73;4.32]), those perceiving poor dental alignment (PR3.16 95% IC[2.11;4.72]) and those wishing orthodontic treatment (PR2.9; 95% IC[1.79; 4.70]). Conclusions: The prevalence of dissatisfaction was considerable and was associated with aesthetic concerns such as tooth color, dental alignment and with the wish for orthodontics. In this young population, a large part of adolescents had already performed orthodontic and bleaching treatments and wished to perform those treatments again. Satisfaction with dental appearance could affect the adolescents’ behavior regarding search for dental treatment, thus causing possible overtreatment.

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Author Biographies

Gregori Franco Boeira, Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

Possui Graduação em Odontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (FO-UFPel), RS - Brasil (2003-2008), Mestre em Odontologia área de concentração em Dentística pelo Programa de Pós Graduação em Odontologia (PPGO UFPel) - Nível 5 - CAPES (2009-2011), Doutor em Odontologia área de concentração em Dentística pelo Programa de Pós Graduação em Odontologia (PPGO UFPel) - Nível 6 - CAPES (2011-2015), Especialista em Implantodontia pelo Instituto de Pós-Graduação e Atualização em Odontologia (IPENO) - Florianópolis - SC - Brasil (2014-2016). Atualmente é Consultor Clínico da empresa Yller Biomateriais SA e atua como Clinico em tempo integral no consultório particular - G Studio Dentistico, Pelotas, RS, Brasil.

Mabel Miluska Suca Salas, Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

Bacharel em Odontologia (2000). Titulo profissional Cirurgião ? Dentista , Universidade Católica de Santa Maria (2001) Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG). Mestrado em Ciências , área de concentração Dentistica , PPGO-Universidade Federal de Pelotas (2005). Doutorado em Saúde Publica, Universidade Nacional San Agustín (2009) . Doutorado em Odontologia área de concentração Dentística com ênfase em Epidemiologia na Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Atualmente Pós-doutoranda na UFPel- FO. Atuação acadêmica profissional: Atual Professora Adjunta da UFJF; Campus Governador Valadares.

Diogo Conceição Araújo, Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

Cirurgião-Dentista, graduado na Universidade Federal de Pelotas, desenvolveu projetos de Iniciação Científica num consórcio entre estudantes da Faculdade de Odontologia de Pelotas/FO-UFPel e do Programa de Pós-Graduação do Centro de Pesquisas Epidemiológicas da UFPel. Cursando especialização em Prótese Dentária pela CesuMar/IEAPOM, as áreas de interesse concentram-se entre Odontologia Restauradora, Periodontia, Prótese e Implantodontia, Epidemiologia e Saúde Pública.

Alexandre Severo Masotti, Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

Professor Adjunto da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel), Departamento de Semiologia e Clínica. Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (1993), especialização em Dentística Restauradora pela UFRGS (1998) , especialização em Docência do Ensino Superior pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (2001), mestrado em Materiais Dentários pela Pontifície Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (2002) e doutorado em Dentística pela PUCRS (2005). Ingressou em 2013 no Curso de Graduação em Cinema e Audiovisual da UFPel.

Marcos Britto Correa, Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

Professor Adjunto da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Docente Permanente do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia (CAPES conceito 6) e Docente Colaborador do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia (CAPES conceito 7), ambos da UFPel. Doutor e Mestre em Odontologia, Área de concentração em Dentística, pelo Programa de Pós Graduação em Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Realizou Pós-Doutorado em Epidemiologia pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia da UFPel. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia atuando principalmente na área de estudos epidemiológicos e condições de saúde bucal das populações.

Flávio Fernando Demarco, Universidade Federal de Pelotas – UFPel, Pelotas Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Pelotas, RS, Brazil

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal de Pelotas (1989) e doutorado em Odontologia (Dentística) pela Universidade de São Paulo (1998). Atualmente é professor da Universidade Federal de Pelotas. Atualmente é Professor Titular, atuando no Curso de Graduação em Odontologia na UFPel, e sendo credenciado como docente permanente dos Programas de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia (conceito 6) e Programa de Pós-Graduação em Epidemiologia (conceito 7), ambos de UFPel. Tem experiência na área de Odontologia, atuando principalmente com estudos epidemiológicos e clínicos de diferentes desfechos de saúde bucal. Foi membro dos CA- Odontologia da Área de avaliação em Odontologia da CAPEs e da área de Odontologia do CNPq. É bolsista de produtividade em Pesquisa nível 1A do CNPq.Atualmente é Pró-Reitor de Pesquisa e Pó-graduação da Universidade Federal de Pelotas

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Published

2016-10-13

How to Cite

1.
Boeira GF, Salas MMS, Araújo DC, Masotti AS, Correa MB, Demarco FF. Factors influencing dental appearance satisfaction in adolescents: a cross-sectional study conducted in Southern Brazil. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2016 Oct. 13 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];15(1):8-15. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8647091

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