Prevalence of endodontic diseases: an epidemiological evaluation in a Brazilian subpopulation

Authors

  • Bruna Paloma de Oliveira Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • Andréa Cruz Câmara Universidade Federal de Pernambuco
  • Carlos Menezes Aguiar Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v15i2.8648762

Keywords:

Endodontics. Dental pulp. Periapical diseases. Epidemiology.

Abstract

Aim: To determine the prevalence of pulp and periradicular diseases in a Brazilian subpopulation, correlating the prevalence with sex, age and most affected teeth. Methods: Data collected from medical records of patients treated at the Clinic of Specialization in Endodontics of the Federal University of Pernambuco between 2003 and 2010. The following variables were recorded for each patient: sex, age, affected teeth and diagnosed endodontic disease. Using Pearson’s chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests, the collected data analysis was set at a 5% significance level. Results: From all the treated teeth, 57% were diagnosed with pulp diseases, with the symptomatic irreversible pulpitis being the most prevalent (46.3%), while among the diagnosed periradicular diseases (43%), chronic apical periodontitis was the most prevalent (81%). Pulp diseases were detected in men and women in an unequal mode (p=0.008). Subjects under 40 years old had higher prevalence of pulp disease (p=0.286), and patients over 50 years were most affected by periradicular diseases (p=0.439). Maxillary incisors and mandibular first molars were the most affected teeth by endodontic diseases. Conclusions: In the evaluated subpopulation, the endodontic diseases were more prevalente in the maxillary incisive, affected indiscriminately individuals of different age groups and chronic apical periodontitis was the most prevalent diagnosed disease.

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Author Biographies

Bruna Paloma de Oliveira, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Graduada em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE). Especialista em Endodontia pela Faculdade de Tecnologia de Sete Lagoas (FACSETE). Mestre em Odontologia pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia da UFPE. Doutoranda em Odontologia pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia da UFPE. Atualmente é professora substituta de Endodontia da UFPE.

Andréa Cruz Câmara, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Possui Graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Especialização em Endodontia pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Mestrado em Clínica Integrada pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco e Doutorado em Ciências Farmacêuticas pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Atuou na Universidade Estadual da Paraíba como Professora Efetiva de Endodontia e como Professora da Pós-Graduação em Odontologia (nível Mestrado).

Carlos Menezes Aguiar, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Possui Graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Especialização em Endodontia pela Universidade de Pernambuco, Mestrado em Odontologia (Dentística e Endodontia) pela Universidade de Pernambuco e Doutorado em Odontologia (Dentística e Endodontia) pela Universidade de Pernambuco.

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Published

2017-04-20

How to Cite

1.
Oliveira BP de, Câmara AC, Aguiar CM. Prevalence of endodontic diseases: an epidemiological evaluation in a Brazilian subpopulation. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2017 Apr. 20 [cited 2022 Aug. 12];15(2):119-23. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8648762

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