Incisor proclination and gingival recessions: is there a relationship?

Authors

  • Márlio Vinícius de Oliveira Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
  • Matheus Melo Pithon Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia
  • Márcia Luzia Lacerda Xavier Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
  • Rodrigo Villamarim Soares Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
  • Martinho Campolina Rebello Horta Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais
  • Dauro Douglas Oliveira Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v15i2.8648780

Keywords:

Gingival Recession. Orthodontics. Corrective. Cephalometry.

Abstract

Aim: To test the hypothesis that there is no relationship between the amount of vestibular inclination of mandibular incisors and the appearance of gingival recession in this region. Methods: This study included 20 patients selected in accordance with the following inclusion criteria: 1. adult patients without gingival recession in the mandibular incisors before treatment (T0), 2. no previous orthodontic treatment, 3. treated without tooth extraction in the mandibular arch, 4. bonded mandibular splinting from one canine to another after the active stage of orthodontic treatment (T1), 5. no visible wear of the incisal edge of the mandibular incisors, 6. Pre- and post-treatment teleradiography and plaster casts, and plaster casts 3 years post-treatment (T2). Depending on the amount of inclination of the mandibular incisors after treatment, the sample was divided into two groups: Group 1- 10 individuals (IMPA T1-T0 ≤ 5˚) and Group 2- 10 individuals (IMPA T1-T0 > 5˚). The measurement of length of the clinical crown (LCC) of the four mandibular incisors, distance between the incisal edge and vestibular marginal gingiva were made in plaster casts at T0, T1 and T2. Results: In spite of Group 1 presenting a reduction in LCC at T2, there was no statistically significant difference in LCC in the 3 time intervals evaluated in the two groups. Conclusions: The null hypothesis was accepted. The variation in the amount of vestibular inclination of the mandibular incisors during orthodontic treatment and 3 years after conclusion of treatment did not promote the appearance of gingival recessions in this group of patients.

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Author Biographies

Márlio Vinícius de Oliveira, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal de Alfenas. Especialização em Ortodontia pela UNIFAL. Diplomado pelo BOARD Brasileiro de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facil. Membro da Associação Brasileira de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facil-Seção Minas Gerais-2011/2014. Mestre em Clínicas Odontológicas pela PUC-MINAS.

Matheus Melo Pithon, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia

Especialista em Ortodontia pela Universidade Federal de Alfenas-Unifal, Mestre e Doutor em Ortodontia pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro-UFRJ e Pos-doutor em Odontopediatria pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ. Atualmente é Professor Adjunto da Disciplina de Ortodontia da Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB).

Márcia Luzia Lacerda Xavier, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais

Mestre e Especialista em Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial pelo COP/ PUC Minas, Especialista em Periodontia pela PUC Minas, Graduada em Odontologia pela PUC Minas.

 

Rodrigo Villamarim Soares, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais

Doutorado em Biologia Oral (Department of Periodontology and Oral Biology - Goldman School of Dental Medicicine - Boston University; 2002). Pós-doutorado (Department of Biochemistry - School of Medicine - Boston University; 2003). Docente Permanente do Programa de Pós-graduação em Odontologia da PUC Minas.

Martinho Campolina Rebello Horta, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais

Cirurgião-dentista formado pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) em 1995, quando foi agraciado com a medalha Prof. Hélio de Senna Figueiredo, honraria concedida ao aluno com o melhor desempenho escolar da turma. Especialista em Estomatologia e Patologia Bucal, áreas da Odontologia referentes ao diagnóstico e tratamento das doenças da boca. Concluiu Mestrado e Doutorado pelo Programa de Pós-graduação em Patologia da UFMG em 1999 e 2013. Desde 1999, é professor e pesquisador da Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais (PUC Minas)

Dauro Douglas Oliveira, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Especialização e Mestrado em Ortodontia pela Marquette University, Milwaukee, EUA e Doutorado em Ortodontia pela Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. É diplomado pelo Board Americano de Ortodontia e aprovado pelo Board Brasileiro de Ortodontia. Atualmente é Professor Adjunto IV e Docente Permanente dos Programas de Pós-graduação em Odontologia da PUC Minas.

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Published

2017-04-20

How to Cite

1.
Oliveira MV de, Pithon MM, Xavier MLL, Soares RV, Horta MCR, Oliveira DD. Incisor proclination and gingival recessions: is there a relationship?. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2017 Apr. 20 [cited 2022 Aug. 12];15(2):180-4. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8648780

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