Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and its association with dental treatment needs of adolescents in a rural Nigerian community

Authors

  • Rafael Pino Vitti Universidade de Taubaté
  • Adriano Relvas Barreira de Oliveira Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro
  • Mário Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti Universidade Estadual de Campinas
  • Lawal Folake Barakat University College Hospital
  • Ifesanya Joy Ucheonye University of Ibadan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v15i3.8649984

Keywords:

Quality of life. OHIP-14. Malocclusion. Dental treatment needs. Adolescents.

Abstract

Aim: To validate and determine the applicability of OHIP-14 in assessing the impact of unmet dental treatment needs on the quality of life of adolescents in a rural community. Methods: The OHIP-14 questionnaire and the Aesthetic component (AC) of Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) were data collection instruments in a cross sectional survey among students in a rural community. The reliability and validity of the OHIP-14 as well as the association between it and dental treatment needs including malocclusion was assessed. Data obtained was analyzed using Mann Whitney U Test. Results: The mean age of participants was 14.9 (±1.6) years. The OHIP-14 had acceptable Cronbach alpha value of 0.8. It could discriminate between respondents with or without dental treatment needs due to caries and dental trauma (p <0.001). The OHIP-14 did not differentiate between respondents with or without orthodontic treatment need (p= 0.808). However, significant association existed between being irritable with people and unmet orthodontic treatment needs (p= 0.032). Conclusion: The OHIP-14 is a valid and reliable quality of life assessment tool in young adolescents in this rural community. However, only the social disability domain componente discriminated significantly between those with or without orthodontic treatment needs.

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Author Biographies

Rafael Pino Vitti, Universidade de Taubaté

Possui graduação em Odontologia pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2006), mestrado em Materiais Dentários pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2009), doutorado em Materiais Dentários pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, com período de estágio de doutoramento no Dipartimento di Scienze Odontostomatologiche, Università di Bologna (2013) e pós-doutorado (Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo - FAPESP) em Materiais Dentários pela Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (2015). Atualmente atua como professor do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia, na área de concentração de Prótese Dentária, da Universidade de Taubaté, e professor do curso de Odontologia, área de Dentística e Materiais Dentários, da Fundação Hermínio Ometto (Uniararas). 

Adriano Relvas Barreira de Oliveira, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro

Possui graduação pela Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (2005), especialização pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica - RJ (2010) e mestrando em Odontologia na Universidade de Taubaté - SP (sub área Prótese Dentária). Docente do curso especialização de Prótese Dentária da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro e 1º Tenente Cirurgião Dentista da 4ª Odontoclínica do Corpo de Bombeiro Militar do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.

Mário Alexandre Coelho Sinhoreti, Universidade Estadual de Campinas

O referido professor graduou-se em Odontologia pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas no ano de 1991. Em 1995, defendeu sua dissertação de Mestrado em Materiais Dentários pela Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Nesse mesmo ano, foi contratado como professor assistente na Área de Materiais Dentários da Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba - UNICAMP. Em 1997, concluiu seu doutoramento também no Programa de Materiais Dentários da Universidade Estadual de Campinas. 

Lawal Folake Barakat, University College Hospital

Department of Child Oral Health, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Ifesanya Joy Ucheonye, University of Ibadan

University of Ibadan, College of Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Child Oral Health, Ibadan, Oyo, Nigeria.

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Published

2017-08-11

How to Cite

1.
Vitti RP, Oliveira ARB de, Sinhoreti MAC, Barakat LF, Ucheonye IJ. Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and its association with dental treatment needs of adolescents in a rural Nigerian community. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2017 Aug. 11 [cited 2022 Aug. 18];15(3):215-20. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8649984

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