Surface roughness, gloss and color change of different composites after exposure to ultimate challenges

Authors

  • Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo Lemos Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Silvio José Mauro Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • André Luiz Fraga Briso Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri Pires de Souza University of São Paulo
  • Maria Fidela de Lima Navarro University of São Paulo
  • Ticiane Cestari Fagundes Universidade Estadual Paulista

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v16i0.8651057

Keywords:

Dental resin. Physical properties. Immersion. Toothbrushing.

Abstract

Aim: The study aimed to investigate the effect of the association of chemical and mechanical degradation on the surface roughness, gloss and color of nano and microfilled composites. Method: Disc-shaped specimens (n=10) were prepared for three nanocomposites (Filtek Z350XT, IPS Empress Direct, Charisma Diamond) and three microfilled composites (Estelite Σ Quick, Durafill VS, Renamel). After polishing, baseline surface roughness, gloss and color measurements were obtained. Specimens were submitted subsequently to the following challenges: chemical for 1 week (Hydrochloric acid, Coca-Cola and Red Wine) and mechanical (Toothbrushing). Surface roughness and gloss data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis followed by Dunn’s test. Color difference (ΔE) was analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey test. Results: The initial data were compared with those after challenges using the Wilcoxon test (p<0.05). All composites showed a significant increase (p<0.05) of surface roughness, after overstress. Filtek Z350 XT and Renamel had the lowest final surface roughness values and roughness increase (p<0.05). The comparative analysis revealed that Estelite Σ Quick and Renamel did not significantly change the gloss after challenges (p=0.185). Filtek Z350 XT and IPS Empress Direct had higher color variations, after the challenges than the other resins (p<0.05). Conclusion: Chemical and mechanical challenges influence on characteristics of all composites, except for gloss on Estelite Σ Quick and Renamel composites.

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Author Biographies

Cleidiel Aparecido Araujo Lemos, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Araçatuba Dental School, UNESP – Univ Estadual Paulista, Araçatuba School of Dentistry, Araçatuba, São Paulo

Silvio José Mauro, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Araçatuba Dental School, UNESP – Univ Estadual Paulista, Araçatuba, São Paulo

André Luiz Fraga Briso, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Araçatuba Dental School, UNESP – Univ Estadual Paulista, Araçatuba, São Paulo

Fernanda de Carvalho Panzeri Pires de Souza, University of São Paulo

Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, University of São Paulo – USP, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo

Maria Fidela de Lima Navarro, University of São Paulo

Department of Operative Dentistry, Bauru Dental School – University of São Paulo – USP, Bauru, São Paulo

Ticiane Cestari Fagundes, Universidade Estadual Paulista

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Araçatuba Dental School, UNESP – Univ Estadual Paulista, Araçatuba, São Paulo

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Published

2017-12-15

How to Cite

1.
Lemos CAA, Mauro SJ, Briso ALF, Souza F de CPP de, Navarro MF de L, Fagundes TC. Surface roughness, gloss and color change of different composites after exposure to ultimate challenges. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2017 Dec. 15 [cited 2022 Oct. 1];16:1-11. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8651057

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