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Effect of air-polishing on properties of nanocomposite submitted to coffee, red wine and cigarette smoke


Composite resins. Dental materials. Beverages. Smoke.

How to Cite

Mathias P, Cunha TM de S, Rocha IAR, Vitória LA, Mathias C, Cavalcanti AN. Effect of air-polishing on properties of nanocomposite submitted to coffee, red wine and cigarette smoke. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2018 Apr. 3 [cited 2024 Apr. 15];17:e18021. Available from:


AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface roughness and the color stability of nanocomposite exposed to the sodium bicarbonate air-polishing (SBAP) followed by red wine, coffee and cigarette smoke exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 64 nanocomposite specimens were prepared and allocated in 8 groups: G1 (SBAP + distilled water), G2 (SBAP + coffee), G3 (SBAP + red wine), G4 (SBAP + cigarette smoke), G5 (distilled water), G6 (coffee), G7 (red wine) and G8 (cigarette smoke). The surface roughness was evaluated in three periods: before and after SBAP and after exposuring to agents tested. The color was evaluated according to CIEL*a*b* parameters using reflection spectrophotometer in two moments: initial and 30 days after the exposure to staining agents. Data were subjected to three-way repeated measures ANOVA and Tukey’s test (5%). RESULTS: The results showed a higher surface roughness of the nanocomposite submitted only to the SBAP and those exposed to the SBAP followed by exposure to the coffee or wine solution. The previous application of SBAP followed by cigarette smoke exposure did not increase the roughness of nanocomposite. The SBAP procedure just increased the staining for cigarette smoke group. CONCLUSION: The SBAP increases resin surface roughness, which worsens when there is exposure to coffee and red wine solution. In addition, SBAP may also provide increased staining of nanocomposites exposed to cigarette smoke.


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