Banner Portal
Relationship between oral candidiasis and users of dental prostheses


oral. Dental prosthesis. Candida albicans.

How to Cite

Lira A de LS de, Torres AC. Relationship between oral candidiasis and users of dental prostheses. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2018 Jul. 10 [cited 2024 Feb. 29];17:e18150. Available from:


Aim: To investigate the relationship between oral candidiasis and users of dental prostheses. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out which the inclusion of adults and elderly people of both genders using dental prostheses. Lectures were given with guidelines on oral hygiene techniques and dental prostheses, preventive measures of candidiasis, highlighting their influence on the oral and general health of the individual for the 240 users of dental prostheses. Of this number, 153 did not want to participate in the clinical examination. Signals and symptoms were analyzed in 87 patients, and lesions were present in only 21, and a cytological complement of the lesions was performed. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 15.0 with Chi-square (χ2 ) test at p < 0.05. Results: The 21 patients presented oral candidiasis, with erythematous (prosthetic) stomatitis being the most prevalent. There was a correlation between the presence of Candida and the use of prostheses (p- value 0.00*). Candidiasis was associated with poorly adapted prostheses, poor oral hygiene, inadequate prostheses and prolonged use of them. Conclusion: There was a correlation between oral candidiasis and users of dental prostheses. The most prevalent type of candidiasis was erythematous stomatitis (prosthetic), and nystatin was used to treat all cases. The preventive activities carried out were extremely important, since patients were not aware of oral candidiasis and the factors that trigger it, such as poor oral hygiene and dental prostheses.


Andreola AD, Galafass EBE, Elsemann. [Comparative study between the production of extracellular phospholipases and proteinases of the genus Candida isolated from oral cavity infections]. Rev Odontol UNESP. 2016 Jul/Aug;45(4):219-26. Portuguese.

Lourenço AG, Ribeiro AERA, Nakao C, Motta ACF, Antonio LGL, Machado AA, et al. Oral Candida spp carriage and periodontal diseases in HIV infected patients in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. Rev. Inst Med Trop. 2017 Mar;59(29):1-7. doi: 10.1111/odi.12669.

Ezenwa BN, Oladele RO, Akintan PE, Fajolu IB, Oshun PO, Oduyebo OO, et al. Invasive candidiasis in a neonatal intensive care unit in Lagos, Nigeria. Niger Postgrad Med J. 2017 Jul-Sep;24(3):150-4. doi: 10.4103/npmj.npmj_104_17.

Miyazima TY, Ishikawa KH, Mayer MPA, Saad SMI, Nakamae AEM. Cheese supplemented with probiotics reduced the Candida levels in denture wearers- RCT. Oral Dis. 2017 Oct;23(7):919-25. doi:10.1111/myc.12680.

Chanda W, Joseph TP, Wang W, Padhiar AA, Zhong M. The potential management of oral candidiasis using anti-biofilm therapies. Med Hypotheses. 2017 Sep;106:15-18. doi: 10.1016/j.mehy.2017.06.029.

Bianchi CM, Bianchi HA, Tadano T, Paula CR, Hoffmann-Santos HD, Leite Jr DP, Hahn RC. Factors related to oral candidiasis in elderly users and non-users of removable dental prostheses. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo. 2016 Mar;58(17):1-5. doi: 10.1590/S1678-9946201658017.

Przybyłowska D, Rubinsztajn R, Chazan R, Swoboda-Kopeć E, Kostrzewa-Janicka J, Mierzwińska-Nastalska E. The prevalence of oral inflammation among denture wearing patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2015 Mar; 858:87-91. doi: 10.1007/5584_2015_128.

CARLI JP, Giaretta BM, Vieira RR, Linden MSS, Ghizoni JS, Pereira JR. [Oral lesions related to the use of removable dentures]. Rev Salusvita. 2013 Mar;32(1):103-15. Portuguese.

Lewis MAO, Williams DW. Diagnosis and management of oral candidosis. Br Dent J. 2017 Nov;223(9):675-81. doi: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2017.886.

Shiboski CH, Chen H, Secours R, Lee A, Webster-Cyriaque J, Ghannoum M et al. High accuracy of common HIV-related oral disease diagnoses by non-oral health specialists in the AIDS clinical trial group. PLoS One. 2015 Jul 6;10(7):e0131001. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0131001.

Sahu A, Gera P, Pai V, Dubey A, Tyagi G, Waghmare M, et al. Raman exfoliative cytology for oral precancer diagnosis. J Biomed Opt. 2017 Nov;22(11):1-12. doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.22.11.115003.

Vasconcelos LC, Vasconcelos LCS, Ghersel ELA, Veloso DJ, Cunha PASM. Denture hygiene: importance in denture stomatitis control. RGO. 2013 Apr/Jun;61(2):255-61.

Sahu A, Sneha Tawde S, Pai V, Gera P, Chaturvedi P, Naird S and Krishna CM. Raman spectroscopy and cytopathology of oral exfoliated cells for oral cancer diagnosis. Anal Methods. 2015 Jul;(7):7548-59. doi: 10.1039/C5AY00954E.

Russo A, Carriero G, Farcomeni A, Ceccarelli G, Tritapepe L, Venditti M. Role of oral nystatin prophylaxis in cardiac surgery with prolongedextracorporeal circulation. Mycoses. 2017 Dec;60(12):826-9. doi: 10.1111/myc.12680.

Silva NP, Borges-Paluch LR, Cerqueira TPS, Vila Nova MX, Costa TBA, Jacobi CCB. Prevalence of Candida in oral cavity of patients wearing dental prosthesis. Mundo Saude. 2015;39(3):325-32.

Salerno C, Pascale M, Contaldo M, Esposito V, Busciolano M, Milillo L, et al. Candida-associated denture stomatitis. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011 Mar;16(2):139-43.

Colussi CF, Patel FS. [Use and Need for Dental Prosthesis in Brazil: Progress, Prospects and Challenges]. Saude Transf Social. 2016 Apr;7(1):41-8. Portuguese.

Costa RS, Filho HBLF, Chaves FN, Vasconcellos AA. [Lesions associated with the use of partial or complete removable dentures – features and treatment]. Prosth Labor Sci. 2015;5(17):62-8. Portuguese.

Celakil T, Baca E, Topcuoglu EN, Röhling BG, Evlioglu G, Özcan M. Prevalence of Candida albicans and Streptococcus aureus on maxillary obturators, maxillary defects and in saliva. A cross-sectional study. 2017 Jul/Sep;20(3):45-51. doi: 10.14295/bds.2017.v20i3.1366.

Lause M, Kamboj A, Fernandez Faith E. Dermatologic manifestations of endocrine disorders. Transl Pediatr. 2017 Oct;6(4):300-12. doi: 10.21037/tp.2017.09.08.

Veverka KK, Feldman SR. Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis: what can we conclude about IL-17 antagonism? J Dermatolog Treat. 2017 Nov;21:1-6. doi: 10.1080/09546634.2017.1398396.

Li J, Vinh DC, Casanova JL, Puel A. Inborn errors of immunity underlying fungal diseases in otherwise healthy individuals. Curr Opin Microbiol. 2017 Nov;9(40):46-57. doi: 10.1016/j.mib.2017.10.016.

Paraguassú GM, Pimentel PA, Santos AR, Gurgel CAS, Sarmento VA. Prevalence of oral lesions associated with use of removable dental prostheses in a Stomatology service. Rev Cubana Estomatol. 2011 Jul/Set;48(3):268-76.

Simões RJ, Fonseca P, Figueira MH. [Oral infections by Candida spp]. Odontol Clín-Cient. 2013 Jan/Mar;12(1):19-22. Portuguese.

Prakash B, Shekar M, Maiti B, Karunasagar I, Padiyath S. Prevalence of Candida ssp. Among healthy denture and nondeture wearers with respect to hygiene and age. J Indian Prosthodont Soc. 2015 Jan-Mar;15(1):29-32. doi: 10.4103/0972-4052.155041.

The Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences uses the Creative Commons license (CC), thus preserving the integrity of the articles in an open access environment.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...