Evaluation of physico-chemical and mechanical properties of MTA-based root canal sealer

Authors

  • Clauber Romagnoli University of North Parana
  • Klíssia Romero Felizardo Paranaense University
  • Ricardo Danil Guiraldo University of North Parana
  • Alcides Gonini Júnior University of North Parana
  • Renan Hideki Kaneshima University of North Parana
  • Sandrine Bittencourt Berger University of North Parana
  • Murilo Baena Lopes University of North Parana

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v17i0.8654215

Keywords:

Dental materials. Endodontics. Surface properties. Root canal obturation.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the setting times (ST), flow (FW), radiopacity (RP), dimensional stability (DS), solubility (SB), and polymerization stress (PS) of the MTA Fillapex and AH Plus root canal sealers. Methods: The above qualities were tested according to ISO 6876/2001 standardization. The water used in the dimensional stability test was evaluated to verify the presence of released materials. For the photoelastic analysis, 20 photoelastic resin rings were prepared, and the root canal sealers were inserted. After 24 hours, the specimens were analyzed in a Polariscope. Data of the setting times, flow tests, radiopacity, dimensional stability, and solubility tests were submitted to a Kolgomorov–Smirnov test and then to a Student’s t-test at the 5% significance level. Results: The data derived from photoelastic analyses were submitted to an ANOVA and Tukey’s test with a significance level of 5%. MTA Fillapex and AH Plus complied with ISO 6876/2001. However, there were significant differences (p < 0.05) between the two cements for ST, FW, RP, DS, and SB. MTA Fillapex showed higher FW, SB, and PS when compared with AH Plus. Conclusions: MTA Fillapex and AH Plus complied with ISO 6876/2001 in terms of ST, FW, RP, DS, and SB. MTA Fillapex showed higher PS when compared to AH Plus.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Clauber Romagnoli, University of North Parana

School of Dentistry - University of North Parana.

Klíssia Romero Felizardo, Paranaense University

School of Dentistry - Paranaense University.

Ricardo Danil Guiraldo, University of North Parana

School of Dentistry - University of North Parana.

Alcides Gonini Júnior, University of North Parana

School of Dentistry - University of North Parana.

Renan Hideki Kaneshima, University of North Parana

School of Dentistry - University of North Parana.

Sandrine Bittencourt Berger, University of North Parana

School of Dentistry - University of North Parana.

Murilo Baena Lopes, University of North Parana

School of Dentistry - University of North Parana.

References

Kaya BU, Kececi AD, Belli S. Evaluation of the sealing ability of gutta-percha and thermoplastic synthetic polymer-based systems along the root canals through the glucose penetration model. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007 Dec;104(6):e66-73. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2007.06.024.

Skinner RL, Himel VT. The sealing ability of injection-molded thermoplasticized gutta-percha with and without the use of sealers. J Endod. 1987 Jul;13(7):315-7. doi: 10.1016/S0099-2399(87)80112-7.

Orstavik D, Nordahl I, Tibballs JE. Dimensional change following setting of root canal sealer materials. Dent Mater. 2001 Nov;17(6):512-9.

Gjorgievska E, Apostolska S, Dimkov A, Nicholson JW, Kaftandzieva A. Incorporation of antimicrobial agents can be used to enhance the antibacterial effect of endodontic sealers. Dent Mater. 2013 Mar;29(3):e29-34. doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2012.10.002.

Tay FR, Loushine RJ, Weller RN, Kimbrough WF, Pashley DH, Mak YF, et al. Ultrastructural evaluation of the apical seal in roots filled with a polycaprolactone-based root canal filling material. J Endod. 2005 Jul;31(7):514-9.

Nagas E, Cehreli Z, Uyanik MO, Durmaz V. Bond strength of a calcium silicate-based sealer tested in bulk or with different main core materials. Braz Oral Res. 2014 28(1):1-7. doi: 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2014.vol28.0046.

Torabinejad M, Watson TF, Pitt Ford TR. Sealing ability of a mineral trioxide aggregate when used as a root end filling material. J Endod. 1993 Dec;19(12):591-5. doi: 10.1016/S0099-2399(06)80271-2.

Post LK, Lima FG, Xavier CB, Demarco FF, Gerhardt-Oliveira M. Sealing ability of MTA and amalgam in different root-end preparations and resection bevel angles: an in vitro evaluation using marginal dye leakage. Braz Dent J. 2010 21(5):416-9.

Abdo SB, Masudi SM, Luddin N, Husien A, Khamis MF. Fracture resistance of over-flared root canals filled with MTA and resin-based material: an in vitro study. Br J Oral Sci. 2012 11(4):451-7.

Bidar M, Sadeghalhoseini N, Forghani M, Attaran N. Effect of the smear layer on apical seals produced by two calcium silicate-based endodontic sealers. J Oral Sci. 2014 Sep;56(3):215-9.

Utneja S, Nawal RR, Talwar S, Verma M. Current perspectives of bio-ceramic technology in endodontics: calcium enriched mixture cement - review of its composition, properties and applications. Restor Dent Endod. 2015 Feb;40(1):1-13. doi: 10.5395/rde.2015.40.1.1

Schwartz RS, Mauger M, Clement DJ, Walker WA, 3rd. Mineral trioxide aggregate: a new material for endodontics. J Am Dent Assoc. 1999 Jul;130(7):967-75.

Kim J, Song YS, Min KS, Kim SH, Koh JT, Lee BN, et al. Evaluation of reparative dentin formation of ProRoot MTA, Biodentine and BioAggregate using micro-CT and immunohistochemistry. Restor Dent Endod. 2016 Feb;41(1):29-36. doi: 10.5395/rde.2016.41.1.29

Goncalves JL, Viapiana R, Miranda CE, Borges AH, Cruz Filho AM. Evaluation of physico-chemical properties of Portland cements and MTA. Braz Oral Res. 2010 Jul-Sep;24(3):277-83.

Dianat O, Mashhadiabbas F, Ahangari Z, Saedi S, Motamedian SR. Histologic comparison of direct pulp capping of rat molars with MTA and different concentrations of simvastatin gel. J Oral Sci. 2018 Feb 26;doi: 10.2334/josnusd.16-0690.

Torabinejad M, Hong CU, Lee SJ, Monsef M, Pitt Ford TR. Investigation of mineral trioxide aggregate for root-end filling in dogs. J Endod. 1995 Dec;21(12):603-8. doi: 10.1016/S0099-2399(06)81112-X.

Osorio RM, Hefti A, Vertucci FJ, Shawley AL. Cytotoxicity of endodontic materials. J Endod. 1998 Feb;24(2):91-6. doi: 10.1016/S0099-2399(98)80084-8

Collado-Gonzalez M, Tomas-Catala CJ, Onate-Sanchez RE, Moraleda JM, Rodriguez-Lozano FJ. Cytotoxicity of GuttaFlow Bioseal, GuttaFlow2, MTA Fillapex, and AH Plus on Human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells. J Endod. 2017 May;43(5):816-822. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2017.01.001.

Camilleri J. Modification of mineral trioxide aggregate. Physical and mechanical properties. Int Endod J. 2008 Oct;41(10):843-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2008.01435.x.

Camilleri J. Evaluation of selected properties of mineral trioxide aggregate sealer cement. J Endod. 2009 Oct;35(10):1412-7. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2009.07.008.

Jafari F, Jafari S. Composition and physicochemical properties of calcium silicate based sealers: A review article. J Clin Exp Dent. 2017 Oct;9(10):e1249-e1255. doi: 10.4317/jced.54103.

Vitti RP, Prati C, Sinhoreti MA, Zanchi CH, Souza ESMG, Ogliari FA, et al. Chemical-physical properties of experimental root canal sealers based on butyl ethylene glycol disalicylate and MTA. Dent Mater. 2013 Dec;29(12):1287-94. doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2013.10.002.

Gandolfi MG, Siboni F, Prati C. Properties of a novel polysiloxane-guttapercha calcium silicate-bioglass-containing root canal sealer. Dent Mater. 2016 May;32(5):e113-26. doi: 10.1016/j.dental.2016.03.001.

Viapiana R, Guerreiro-Tanomaru JM, Tanomaru-Filho M, Camilleri J. Investigation of the effect of sealer use on the heat generated at the external root surface during root canal obturation using warm vertical compaction technique with System B heat source. J Endod. 2014 Apr;40(4):555-61. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2013.09.026.

Standardization IOf. ISO 6876 - Dental Root Canal Sealing Materials. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization; 2001.

ANSIADAS. Specification #57 - Endodontic Sealing Materials. 2000.

Batchelor RF, Wilson AD. Zinc oxide-eugenol cements. I. The effect of atmospheric conditions on rheological properties. J Dent Res. 1969 Sep-Oct;48(5):883-7.

Uhrich JM, Moser JB, Heuer MA. The rheology of selected root canal sealer cements. J Endod. 1978 Dec;4(12):373-9. doi: 10.1016/S0099-2399(78)80212-X.

McMichen FR, Pearson G, Rahbaran S, Gulabivala K. A comparative study of selected physical properties of five root-canal sealers. Int Endod J. 2003 Sep;36(9):629-35.

Nielsen BA, Beeler WJ, Vy C, Baumgartner JC. Setting times of Resilon and other sealers in aerobic and anaerobic environments. J Endod. 2006 Feb;32(2):130-2. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2005.10.024.

Baldi JV, Bernardes RA, Duarte MA, Ordinola-Zapata R, Cavenago BC, Moraes JC, et al. Variability of physicochemical properties of an epoxy resin sealer taken from different parts of the same tube. Int Endod J. 2012 Oct;45(10):915-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2012.02049.x.

Versiani MA, Carvalho-Junior JR, Padilha MI, Lacey S, Pascon EA, Sousa-Neto MD. A comparative study of physicochemical properties of AH Plus and Epiphany root canal sealants. Int Endod J. 2006 Jun;39(6):464-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2006.01105.x.

Sjogren U, Hagglund B, Sundqvist G, Wing K. Factors affecting the long-term results of endodontic treatment. J Endod. 1990 Oct;16(10):498-504. doi: 10.1016/S0099-2399(07)80180-4.

Bernardes RA, de Amorim Campelo A, Junior DS, Pereira LO, Duarte MA, Moraes IG, et al. Evaluation of the flow rate of 3 endodontic sealers: Sealer 26, AH Plus, and MTA Obtura. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2010 Jan;109(1):e47-9. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2009.08.038.

Tanomaru-Filho M, Bosso R, Viapiana R, Guerreiro-Tanomaru JM. Radiopacity and flow of different endodontic sealers. Acta Odontol Latinoam. 2013 26(2):121-5.

Camargo RV, Silva-Sousa YTC, Rosa R, Mazzi-Chaves JF, Lopes FC, Steier L, et al. Evaluation of the physicochemical properties of silicone- and epoxy resin-based root canal sealers. Braz Oral Res. 2017 Aug 21;31(e72. doi: 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2017.vol31.0072.

Sousa-Neto MD, Guimaraes LF, Saquy PC, Pecora JD. Effect of different grades of gum rosins and hydrogenated resins on the solubility, disintegration, and dimensional alterations of Grossman cement. J Endod. 1999 Jul;25(7):477-80. doi: 10.1016/S0099-2399(99)80284-2.

Viapiana R, Flumignan DL, Guerreiro-Tanomaru JM, Camilleri J, Tanomaru-Filho M. Physicochemical and mechanical properties of zirconium oxide and niobium oxide modified Portland cement-based experimental endodontic sealers. Int Endod J. 2014 May;47(5):437-48. doi: 10.1111/iej.12167.

Lopes MB, Valarini N, Moura SK, Guiraldo RD, Gonini Junior A. Photoelastic analysis of stress generated by a silorane-based restoration system. Braz Oral Res. 2011 Jul-Aug;25(4):302-6.

Downloads

Published

2018-12-11

How to Cite

1.
Romagnoli C, Felizardo KR, Guiraldo RD, Gonini Júnior A, Kaneshima RH, Berger SB, Lopes MB. Evaluation of physico-chemical and mechanical properties of MTA-based root canal sealer. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2018 Dec. 11 [cited 2022 Dec. 6];17:e181207. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8654215

Most read articles by the same author(s)