Evaluation of oral health-related quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Keywords: Oral health, Quality of life, Diabetes mellitus.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of oral problems on the quality of life of individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted with a random sample of 302 individuals with DM2 who answered the Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14) questionnaire as well as a questionnaire addressing socioeconomic and oral health characteristics. After filling out the questionnaires, the participants were submitted to a clinical dental examination Periodontal diseases, dental caries and edentulism. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics, bivariate analysis and logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of impact on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) was 47%. In the multivariate analysis, the variables that remained significantly associated with a negative impact on quality of life were xerostomia (OR= 2.15; 95% CI: 1.07-4.30), denture need (OR= 3.71; 95% CI: 1.17-11.73) and periodontitis (OR= 5.02; 95% CI: 2.19-11.52). Conclusion: The prevalence rate of impact on OHRQoL was high in the sample studied. Xerostomia, denture need and periodontitis posed a risk of negative impact on the quality of life of individuals with DM2, independently of socioeconomic status.

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Author Biographies

Raulison Vieira de Sousa, State University of Paraiba

Faculty of Dentistry. State University of Paraiba, Campina Grande – PB, Brazil

 

Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, Federal University of Pernambuco

Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife - PE, Brazil.

Bruna de Carvalho Farias Vajgel, Federal University of Pernambuco

Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife - PE, Brazil.

Saul Martins de Paiva, Federal University of Minas Gerais

Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte - MG, Brazil.

Renata Cimões, Federal University of Pernambuco

Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife - PE, Brazil.

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Published
2019-05-29
How to Cite
Sousa, R. V. de, Pinho, R. C. M., Vajgel, B. de C. F., Paiva, S. M. de, & Cimões, R. (2019). Evaluation of oral health-related quality of life in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 18, e191431. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v18i0.8655466

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