Banner Portal
Influence of social capital on self-perception related to orthodontic treatment need


Index of orthodontic treatment need
Social capital

How to Cite

Sedrez SDF, Godoi APT de, Meneghim M de C, Vedovello SAS, Venezian GC, Menezes CC de. Influence of social capital on self-perception related to orthodontic treatment need . Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2020 May 18 [cited 2024 May 20];19:e206537. Available from:


Aim: To evaluate the influence of social capital on self-perception related to orthodontic treatment need. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 578 11-16 years-old adolescents from a city in southern Brazil. Social capital was evaluated using the Social Capital Questionnaire for Adolescent Students (SCQ-AS). Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) assessed malocclusion and self-perception related to orthodontic treatment need. Sociodemographic aspects of adolescents were also evaluated. Individual analyses were performed, relating the study variables to the outcome, estimating the odds ratio with the respective confidence intervals of 95%. The variables with p<0.20 in the individual analyses were tested in the multiple logistic regression models, and those with p<0.10 remained in the model. Results: Social capital did not influence the self-perception related to orthodontic treatment need. Adolescents with high orthodontic needs were 5.35 (CI 95%: 2.68 to 10.65) times more likely to perceived orthodontic treatment need (p <0.05). Crowding and dental absence were associated with self-perception related to orthodontic treatment need (p <0.05). Conclusions: Social capital did not influence the self-perception related to orthodontic treatment need.


Glick M, Williams DM, Kleinman DV, Vujicic M, Watt RG, Weiyant RJ. A new definition for oral health developed by the FDI World Dental Federation opens the door to a universal definition of oral health. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2017 Feb;151(2):229-31. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.11.010.

Brazil. Health Ministry. Health Attention General Office Basic Attention Department. [SB Brazil 2003 Project: oral health conditions of brazilian population 2002–2003: main results]. Brasilia: Health Ministry; 2004. Portuguese.

Masood Y, Massoud M, Zainul NNB, Araby NBAA, Hussain SF, Newton T. Impact of malocclusion on oral health related quality of live in Young people. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2013 Feb;11:25. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-11-25.

Vedovello SAS, Ambrosano GMB, Pereira AC, Valdrighi HC, Vedovello Filho M, Meneghim MC. Association between malocclusion and the contextual factors of quality of life and socioeconomic status. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2016 Jul;150(1):58-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2015.12.022.

Omer YT, Bouserhai J, Hawas N, Sayed AAME. Association between normative and self-perceived orthodontic treatment need in a Lebanese population. Int Orthod. 2016 Sep;14(3):386-98. doi: 10.1016/j.ortho.2016.07.002.

Eslamipour F, Riahi FT, Etemadi M, Riahi A. Correlation coefficients of three self-perceived orthodontic treatment need indices. Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2017 Jan-Feb;14(1):37-42. doi: 10.4103/1735-3327.201131.

Santos PR, Meneghim MC, Ambrosano GMB, Vedovello Filho M, Vedovello SAS. Influence of quality of life, self-perception, and self-esteem on orthodontic treatment need. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2017 Jan;151(1):143-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2016.06.028.

Furuta M, Ekudi D, Suzuki E, Morita M, Kawachi I. Social capital and self-rated oral health among young people. 2012 Apr;40(2):97-104. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2011.00642.x.

Agou S, Locker D, Strainer DL, Tompson B. Impact of self-esteem on the oral health-related quality of life of children with malocclusion. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2008 Oct;134(4):484-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2006.11.021.

Bordieu P. The forms of capital. In: Richardson JG, editor. Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education. New York, NY: GreenwoodPress; 1986.

Putnam RD. Bowling alone: the collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster; 2000.

Rouxel PL, Hilmann A, Aida J, Tsakos G, Watt RG. Social capital: theory, evidence, and implications for oral health. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2015 Apr;43(2):97-105. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12141.

Aida J, Ando Y, Oosaka M, Niimi K, Morita M. Contributions of social context inequality in dental caries: a multilevel analysis of Japanese 3-year-old children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2008 Apr;36(2):149-56. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2007.00380.x.

Aida J, Kuriyama S, Ohmori-Matsuda K, Hozawa A, Osaka K, Tsuji I. The association between neighborhood social capital and self-reported dentate status in elderly Japanese – The Ohsaki Cohort 2006 Study. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2011 Jun;39(3):239-49. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2010.00590.x.

Bezerra IA, Goes PSA. [Association between social capital and oral health conditions and behavior]. Cien Saúde Colet. 2014 Jun;19(6):1943-50. doi: 10.1590/1413-81232014196.06242013. Portuguese.

Santiago BM, Valença AMG, Vettore MV. The relationship between neighborhood empowerment and dental caries experience: a multilevel study in adolescents and adults. Rev Bras Epidemiol. 2014;(Suppl 2):15-28. doi: 10.1590/1809-4503201400060002.

Paiva HN, Paiva PCP, Silva CJP, Lamounier JA, Ferreira e Ferreira E, Ferreira RC, et al. Is there an association between traumatic Dental Injury and social capital, binge drinking and socioeconomic Indicators among Schoolchildren? Plos One. 2015 Feb;10(2):e0118484. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118484.

Borges CM, Campos ACV, Vargas AMD, Ferreira e Ferreira E. [Adult Tooth loss profile in accordance with social capital and demographic and socioeconomic characteristics]. Cien Saude Colet. 2014 Jun;19(6):1849-58. doi: 10.1590/1413-81232014196.02332013.

Agampodi T C, Agampodi S B, Glozier N, Siribaddana S. Measurement the social capital in relations to health in low e middle income countries (LMIC): systematic review. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Mar;128:95-104. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.01.005.

Tomazoni F, Vettore MV, Zanatta FB, Tuchtenhagen S, Moreira CH, Ardenghi TM. The associations of socioeconomic status and social capital with gingival bleeding among schoolchildren. J Public Health Dent. 2017 Dec;77(1):21-29. doi: 10.1111/jphd.12166.

Aida J, Kondo K, Kondo N, Watt R, Sheiham A, Tsakos G. Income inequality, social capital and self-rated health and dental status in older Japanese. 2011 Nov;73(10):1561-8. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.09.005.

Paiva PCP, Paiva HN, de Filho PM de O, Lamounier JA, Ferreira EF, Kawachi I, Zarzar PM. Development and validation of a Social Capital Questionnaire for adolescent Students (SCQ-AS). Plos One. 2014 Aug;9(8):e103785. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103785.

Brook P H, Shaw W C. The development of an index of orthodontic treatment priority. Eur J Orthod. 1989 Aug;11(3):309-20. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.ejo.a035999.

Garcia G, Brandão G, Ferreira L, Meneghim MC, Pereira AC, Vazquez F, et al. [Influence of subjective determinants on the decision for orthodontic treatment in different dental caries prevalence]. RFO. 2012;17(3):303-8. doi: 10.5335/rfo.v17i3.2694. Portuguese.

Yi S, Zhang C, Ni C, Qian Y, Zhang J. Psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics and desire for orthodontic treatment among Chinese undergraduate students. Patient Prefer Adherence. 2016 Jun;10:1037-42. doi: 10.2147/PPA.S105260.

Boyce WF, Davies D, Gallupe O, Shelley D. Adolescent risk taking, neighborhood social capital, and health. J Adolesc Health. 2008 Sep;43(3):246-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.01.014.

Gohn MG. [Empowerment and community participation in social policies]. Saude Soc. 2004;13(2):20-31. doi: 10.1590/S0104-12902004000200003. Portuguese.

Elgar FJ, Trites SJ, Boyce W. [Social capital reduces socioeconomic differences in child health: evidence from the canadian health behavior in school-aged children study]. Can J Public Health. 2010 Nov-Dec;101 Suppl 3:S23-7. France.

Badran SA. The effect of malocclusion and self-perceived aesthetics on the self-esteem of a sample of Jordanian adolescents. Eur J Orthod. 2010 Dec;32(6):638-44. doi: 10.1093/ejo/cjq014.

Lamarca GA, Leal MC, Leaos ATT, Sheihams A, Vettore MV. The difference roles of neighborhood and individual social capital an oral health-related quality of life during pregnancy and postpartum a multilevel analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2014 Apr;42(2):139-50. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12062.

Reynolds JC, Damiano PC, Glanville JL, Oleson J, MacQuistan MR. Neighborhood and family social capital and parent-report oral health of children in Iowa. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2015 Dec;43(6):569-77. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12182.

Heravi F, Farzanegan F, Tabatabaee M, Sadeghi M. Do malocclusions affect the oral health-related quality of life? Oral Health Prev Dent. 2011;9(3):229-33.

The Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences uses the Creative Commons license (CC), thus preserving the integrity of the articles in an open access environment.


Download data is not yet available.