Factors predicting the oral health behaviors of the Iranian students in the District 1 Tehran, Iran

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v19i0.8656579

Keywords:

Health behavior, Health Education, dental, Iran, Oral health, Students

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this examination is determining the predictors of oral health behaviors among Iranian students in district 1 Tehran based on the health belief model with added commitment to plan construct. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 351 four grade female students in the first district of Tehran, Iran in 2017. The multi‑stage random cluster sampling method was used to recruit students. The inclusion criteria were being in four – graded level of elementary schools of the 1st district in Tehran, being female students aged between 9-11 years and being physically and psychologically healthy student. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the variables that predict oral health behaviors. Results: Totally, (N= 31.8%) students  reported that they were brushing less than twice a day and (N=   55.2% ) students claimed  using of dental floss once a week or less than once a day. The results indicated that perceived self-efficacy (OR=1.46, 95% CI=0.57-3.78, P<0.001), commitment to plan (OR=1.13, 95% CI=1.04-1.23, P<0.001) and cues to action (OR=1.42, 95% CI=1.14–1.76, P=0.002) were the significant predicting variables of brushing twice a day, and use of dental floss once a day or more (OR=1.02, 95% CI=0.23-3.53, P=0.003). Conclusion: This study has shown the effectiveness of the health belief model with added commitment to plan construct to predict oral health behavior in female students. Thus, it seems that the model as a acceptable framework for designing training programs to improve oral health behavior in students.

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Author Biographies

Fatemeh Pourhaji, Shahid Beheshti University

PhD of Health Education and Health Promotion, Shemiranat Health Network, Health Deputy Department, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.

Mohammad Hossein Delshad, Shahid Beheshti University

PhD of Health Education and Health Promotion, Shemiranat Health Network, Health Deputy Department, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran. Department of Public Health, School of Health, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran. Health Sciences Research Center, Torbat Heydariyeh University of Medical Sciences, Torbat Heydariyeh, Iran.

Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian, Tarbiat Modares University

Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Alireza Hidarnia, Tarbiat Modares University

Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Shamsodin Niknami, Tarbiat Modares University

Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

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Published

2020-05-20

How to Cite

1.
Pourhaji F, Delshad MH, Tavafian SS, Hidarnia A, Niknami S. Factors predicting the oral health behaviors of the Iranian students in the District 1 Tehran, Iran. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2020May20 [cited 2020Nov.26];190:e206579. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8656579