Comparison of peer led and teacher led oral health educational program among students

Keywords: Oral health, Health education, Peer education.

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Peer-Led Education (PLE)comparing with the Teacher-led education(TLE) approach about oral health behavior of female school- student aged at 6-12 in district 6 of Tehran, Iran. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental study. Two primary public schools in Tehran district 6, were selected by simple random sampling and from each school one class considered for PLE and TLE. 120 fourth grade female students of the 6th district of Tehran were enrolled for study. All participants were assessed about knowledge, attitude, and practice in oral health by Pre-test one month before the intervention program. A valid questionnaire in Persin version used for data gathering. Two representatives including teacher and students from both groups trained under the supervision of a health educator. In PLE each of the six students trained 10 other students in the middle of the day per three consecutive sessions. In TLE one teacher trained one class with about 30students. Both education program set up at the same time and duration. The educational materials included educational short films, animation, and booklet powered driven by Oral Health Burea, Iran health ministry. Apart from, the intervention included role play and storytelling too. The evaluation had done by post-test with the same tool one month later after the intervention. Results: The average mean score of the knowledge, attitude, and practice in both group after educational intervention significantly increased (P<0.05).The mean score of knowledge, attitude, and practice in PLE have been effective than TLE. Conclusion: Health education with peer education approach is effective in improving oral health behavior in children at school age.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Afsaneh Karami, Tarbiat Modares University

Department of Health Education & Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences - Tarbiat Modares University.

Alireza Heidarnia, Tarbiat Modares University

Department of Health education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences - Tarbiat Modares University.

Fatemeh Zarei, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University

Department of Health education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences - Tarbiat Modares University.

References

1. Naghibi SA, Yazdani Cherati J, Khujeh Z, Shah Hosseini M. Factors influencing oral health behavior according to BASNEF Model. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2013;23(99):76-83.

2. Badri Gargari R, N. SH. The role of factors related to perceived self efficacy and health behavior brushing and flossing pull the visitors to the private office of Tabriz. Int J Res Med Sci. 2011;9(3):130-8.

3. Fallahi A, Morowatisharifabad M. Between tooth cleaning behaviors of the transtheoretical model-based pre-university student-ts in Yazd. Tehran Uni Med Sci J. 2010;4:45-8.

4. Kwan S, Petersen PE, Pine CM, Borutta A. Health-promoting schools: an opportunity for oral health promotion. Bull World Health Organ. 2005 Sep;83(9):677-85.

5. Ciancio S. Improving oral health: current considerations. J Clin Periodontol. 2003;30 Suppl 5:4-6

6. Asif M, Shobha KS, Anirban C. Assessment of efficacy of different teaching methods of tooth brushing on oral hygiene stutus in adults. J Health Sci Res. 2017 May;1(8):25-30. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10042-1044.

7. Arora A, Scott JA, Bhole S, Do L, Schwarz E, Blinkhorn AS. Early childhood feeding practices and dental caries in preschool children: a multi-centre birth cohort study. BMC Public Health. 2011 Jan 12;11:28. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-28.

8. Amalia R, Schaub RM, Widyanti N, Stewart R, Groothoff JW. The role of schoolbased dental programme on dental caries experience in Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012 May;22(3):203-10. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2011.01177.x.

9. Petersen PE. Global policy for improvement of oral health in the 21st century–implications to oral health research of World Health Assembly 2007, World Health Organization. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2009 Feb;37(1):1-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2008.00448.x.

10. Nyvad B. Cariology in the 21st century. State of the art and future perspectives. Caries Res. 2004May-Jun;38(3):170.

11. Mohammadi Zeidi I, Pakpour Hajiagha A, Mohammadi Zeidi B. Evaluation of educational programs based on the theory of planned behavior on employees’ safety behaviors. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2013;22(97):166-77.

12. Watt RG. Emerging theories into the social determinants of health: implications for oral health promotion. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2002 Aug;30(4):241-7.

13. Locker D, Matear D, Stephens M, Jokovic A. Oral health-related quality of life of a population of medically compromised elderly people. Community Dent Health. 2002 Jun;19(2):90-7.

14. Speizer I, Magnani RJ, Colvin CE. The effectiveness of adolescent reproductive health interventions in developing countries: a review of the evidence. J Adolesc Health. 2003 Nov;33(5):324-48.

15. Lotfi Mainbolagh B, Rakhshani F, Zareban I, Montazerifar F, Sivaki HA, Parvizi Z. The effect of peer education based on health belief model on nutrition behaviors in primary school boys. J Res Health Soc Devel Health Prom Res Center. 2012;2(2):214-25.

16. Najjar Lashgari S, Rahim Aghaee F, Dehghan Nayeri N. The effect of child to child education on health awareness of third grade female students in primary school. Modern Care Journal. 2013; 10(2):132-40.

17. Karimzadeheshirazi K, Heydarnia A. [Child to Child’s help: a New approaches to health education]. Armaghanedanesh. J Yasuj Univ Med Sci. 2000;5(17-18):28-35. Persian.

18. Farrokhmanesh M, Mokhtari Lakeh N, Asiri S, Kazem Nezhad Leyli E, Ghaemi A, Afzali S. A Comparative Effect of Child-to-Child and Health Educator to-Child Teaching Approaches on Nutritional Status in Elementary School Students. J Holistic Nurs Midwifery. 2018;28(2):101-8.

19. Moeini B, Ghaderi A, Hazavehei S, Allahverdipour H, Moghimbeigi A, Jalilian F. [A comparative study of peer education and Trainer education on the basis of health belief model(HBM) In improving oral health in Snandaj boy’s elementary school]. Toloo-e-Behdasht. 2013 Summer;12(2):1-13. Persian.

20. Kargar M, Jamali Moghadam N, Moattari M. The effect of osteoporosis prevention education by peers and health personnel on self-efficacy of adolescents with nephrotic syndrome. Iran J Nurs. 2013;26(81):44-53.

21. Krones T, Keller H, Becker A, Sönnichsen A, Baum E, Donner-Banzhoff N. The theory of planned behaviour in a randomized trial of a decision aid on cardiovascular risk prevention. Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Feb;78(2):169-76. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.06.010.

22. Akbarzadeh M, Zangiabadi M, Moattari M, Tabatabaei H. Comparing the effect of teaching breast self-examination by peers and health care personnel on students knowledge and attitude. Iranian J Med Educ. 2009;8(2):195-203.

23. Noorisistani M, Khoei EM, Taghdisi MH. T. Promoting knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the mothers in their Girls’ pubertal health based on peer education approach. J Babol Univ Med Sci. 2010 Feb;11(6):33-9.

24. Kaveh MH, Nejad ZK, Nazari M, Ghaem H. Evaluating the effect of the child-to-child approach based on the Theory of Planned Behavior on the eating behaviors of elementary school students. Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2016;5(5):121-6.

25. Leena KC, D'Souza J. Effectiveness of child to child approach to health education on prevention of worm infestation among children of selected primary schools in Mangalore. Nitte Univ J Health Sci. 2014 Mar;4(1):113-5.

26. Walvekar PR, Naik V, Wantamutte AS, Mallapur MD. Impact of child to child programme on knowledge, attitude practice regarding diarrhoea among rural school children. Indian J Community Med. 2006 Jan;31(2):56-9.

27. Tolli MV. Effectiveness of peer education interventions for HIV prevention, adolescent pregnancy prevention and sexual health promotion for young people: a systematic review of European studies. Health Educ Res. 2012 Oct;27(5):904-13. doi: 10.1093/her/cys055.
Published
2019-11-12
How to Cite
Karami, A., Heidarnia, A., & Zarei, F. (2019). Comparison of peer led and teacher led oral health educational program among students. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 18, e191626. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v18i0.8657260