Desire of university students for esthetic treatment and tooth bleaching

a cross-sectional study

Keywords: Tooth bleaching, Quality of life, Esthetics, dental.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the desire of university students for esthetic treatment and tooth bleaching, and associated factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in 2016 with first-semester university students in Pelotas. Data was collected via a self-administered questionnaire including demographic, socioeconomic and psychosocial characteristics. Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP) was assessed and Poisson regression models were used to evaluate the association between the following outcomes: prevalence of desire for esthetic treatment and the tooth bleaching, and exposure variables. A p-value of ≤ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: A total of 2,058 students participated in the study. Refusals represented a mere 1.4% of the total sample. Of the individuals interviewed, 16.1% underwent tooth bleaching and 74.4% reported a desire for esthetic dental treatment. Models showed students with higher family income and with the intention to use private dental services had 65% and 47% higher prevalence of tooth bleaching, respectively. Individuals satisfied with dental color and appearance exhibited a higher prevalence of tooth bleaching, as did those who smoked. On the other hand, students satisfied with dental color (PR= 0.77, 95% CI: 0.73-0.80) and with their dental appearance (PR= 0.82, 95% CI 0.78-0.87) demonstrated less desire to undergo esthetic dental treatment. Moreover, individuals who suffered some impact in OIDP reported a greater desire for esthetic treatment (PR= 1.07, 95% CI: 1.02-1.13). Conclusion: General and psychosocial characteristics were associated with the desire for esthetic treatment and tooth bleaching in university students.

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Author Biographies

Luiz Alexandre Chisini, University of Vale do Taquari

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry - University of Vale do Taquari, Lajeado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Mariana Gonzalez Cademartori, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Kauê Collares, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Ana Luiza Cardoso Pires, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry - Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Marina Sousa Azevedo, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Marcos Britto Corrêa, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry - Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Flávio Fernando Demarco, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry - Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

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Published
2019-11-18
How to Cite
Chisini, L. A., Cademartori, M. G., Collares, K., Pires, A. L. C., Azevedo, M. S., Corrêa, M. B., & Demarco, F. F. (2019). Desire of university students for esthetic treatment and tooth bleaching. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 18, e191648. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v18i0.8657267
Section
Article

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