Effect of sports drinks on the surface properties of composite resins after prolonged exposure

in vitro study

Keywords: Composite resins, Beverages, Dietary supplements, Surface properties.

Abstract

Aim: Using dietary supplements may affect the properties of composite resins due to their acidic pH. The present in vitro study aimed to assess the surface roughness and color stability of two composite resins - nanohybrid (Empress Direct) and nanoparticulate (Filtek Z350) - after prolonged exposure to dietary supplements. Methods: We produced 30 specimens from each composite (8x2-mm discs) and divided them into six groups (n=10). After the initial measurement of the surface properties (roughness and color), we exposed the specimens to a degradation process in Maltodextrin and Whey Protein for 22.5 and 7.5 days, respectively, using deionized water as the control solution. At the end of 22.5 days, we reassessed the specimens. After verifying data normality with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, we performed ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test at 5%. Results: We found significant differences for materials immersed in the Whey Protein solution (p<0.05). The roughness of Empress Direct was higher (0.45+0.07) than Filtek Z350 (0.22+0.05). The composites tested also showed color change (ΔE>3.3) after the immersion period (p<0.001). In Maltodextrin, the Empress Direct group presented (4.52+1.23) and Filtek Z350 (4.04+0.66), while after immersion in Whey Protein, they showed (5.34+1.68) and (4.26+1.02), respectively. Conclusion: Sports drinks changed the surface roughness and color stability of the composite resins studied. The Filtek Z350 group showed lower color variation than the Empress Direct composite in both solutions evaluated.

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Author Biographies

Daniella Cristo Santin, University of São Paulo
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials, Bauru School of Dentistry - University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil.
Fabiana Scarparo Naufel, Western Paraná State University
Department of Operative Dentistry, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
Rafael Francisco Lia Mondelli, University of São Paulo
Department of Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials, Bauru School of Dentistry - University of São Paulo (USP), Bauru, SP, Brazil.
Adriano Piccolotto, Western Paraná State University
Department of Operative Dentistry, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, PR, Brazil.
Vera Lúcia Schmitt, Western Paraná State University
Department of Operative Dentistry, Western Paraná State University (UNIOESTE), Cascavel, PR, Brazil.

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Published
2019-11-12
How to Cite
Santin, D. C., Naufel, F. S., Mondelli, R. F. L., Piccolotto, A., & Schmitt, V. L. (2019). Effect of sports drinks on the surface properties of composite resins after prolonged exposure. Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences, 18, e191651. https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v18i0.8657269
Section
Article