Factors associated with advanced-stage oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in a Brazilian population

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v20i00.8659638

Keywords:

Education status, Mouth neoplasms, Oropharyngeal neoplasms, Socioeconomic factors

Abstract

Diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal cancer in advanced stages may be associated with social nature factors, access to health care, education, occupation, and behavioral/ cultural factors. Aim: To determine the factors related to high clinical-staging in patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma in the oral and oropharyngeal region in a Cancer Center in Brazil between 2009 and 2015. Methods: It is an epidemiological, retrospective, and exploratory study. Patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma had their medical records analyzed. The variables considered were sociodemographic, lifestyle, and disease characteristics. Descriptive and exploratory tests (Pearson’s, chi-square test and, Student’s t-test) were realized. Results: We analyzed 365 patient records, among which 289 (79.17%) were male, and 73 (20.0%) were female. Age ranged from 16 to 101 years, with a mean of 61.13. Regarding education, 157 (43.01%) studied < 8 years, 103 (28.21%) were illiterate and 102 (27.94%) studied > 8 years. 305 (83.56%) patients live in urban areas. There was an association between high clinical-staging and low educational level. For high clinical-staging, symptomatology, tobacco, and alcohol intake as well. Conclusion: Patients with low educational levels tend to report the disease later, and their diagnostics occurred in advanced stages. Thus, specific public health policies for this population, including access to dental care to recognize the clinical signs and early diagnosis, are necessary.

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Author Biographies

Rebeca Cardoso Pedra, University of São Paulo

University of São Paulo, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Social Dentistry, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil.

Clarice Lima Álvares da Silva , Federal University of Juiz de Fora

Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Campus Governador Valadares, Department of Nutrition, Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Ismênia Edwirges Bernardes, Federal University of Juiz de Fora

Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Campus Governador Valadares, Department of Dentistry, Oral Diagnosis, Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Francielle Silvestre Verner , Federal University of Juiz de Fora

Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Campus Governador Valadares, Department of Dentistry, Oral Diagnosis, Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Karla Machado Andrade , Federal University of Juiz de Fora

Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Campus Governador Valadares, Department of Dentistry, Oral Diagnosis, Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Rafael de Sousa Santos , Federal University of Juiz de Fora

Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Campus Governador Valadares, Department of Dentistry, Oral Diagnosis, Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil

Sibele Nascimento de Aquino , Federal University of Juiz de Fora

Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Campus Governador Valadares, Department of Dentistry, Oral Diagnosis, Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

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Published

2021-06-17

How to Cite

1.
Pedra RC, Silva CL Álvares da, Bernardes IE, Verner FS, Andrade KM, de Sousa Santos R, Aquino SN de. Factors associated with advanced-stage oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in a Brazilian population. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2021Jun.17 [cited 2022Jan.17];20(00):e219638. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8659638

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Original Research

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