Knowledge and clinical practices of orthodontists regarding the treatment of patients with AIDS

A nationwide study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v20i00.8660699

Keywords:

HIV, Orthodontics, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate orthodontists’ knowledge and clinical practices regarding the treatment of patients with HIV/AIDS. Methods: Cross-sectional study performed with 655 Brazilian orthodontists based on a previously calculated sample size. Self-administered questionnaires were sent to orthodontists to collect information on knowledge and clinical conduct regarding the care of patients with HIV/AIDS. The study evaluated the awareness of possible risk factors for contamination, oral manifestations of HIV, need for more information on the care of HIV-positive patients, whether orthodontic treatment is indicated in HIV-positive patients, and whether they had knowingly performed orthodontic treatment in HIV-positive patients. Simple regression models were adjusted, and crude Odds Ratios estimated the associations with 95% confidence intervals. The variables with P < 0.20 in the crude analysis were tested in multiple logistic regression models, and those with P ≤ 0.05 were maintained in the final model. Magnitudes were estimated by adjusted Odds Ratios values, with 95% confidence intervals. Results: Orthodontists who were aware of the oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS, those having work experience of more than 20 years, and those who believed that orthodontic treatment could be indicated for these patients were 3.30 (1.79-6.10), 2.74 (1.36-5.52) and 1.92 (1.13-3.24) times more likely to perform orthodontic treatment in HIV-positive patients, respectively. Most orthodontists (92.9%) reported they needed to obtain more information about orthodontic care in patients with HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Although orthodontists reported feeling able and qualified to provide dental care to patients with HIV/AIDS, gaps in their knowledge need to be addressed with further training.  

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Author Biographies

Elisabete S. Rocha, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation

Departament of Orthodontics, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation – FHO, Araras, São Paulo, Brazil.

Mario Vedovello Filho, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation

Departament of Orthodontics, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation – FHO, Araras, São Paulo, Brazil.

Giovana Cherubini Venezian, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation

Departament of Orthodontics, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation – FHO, Araras, São Paulo, Brazil.

Carolina Carmo de Menezes, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation

Departament of Orthodontics, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation – FHO, Araras, São Paulo, Brazil.

Silvia Amélia Scudeler Vedovello, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation

Departament of Orthodontics, University Center of Hermínio Ometto Foundation – FHO, Araras, São Paulo, Brazil.

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Published

2021-02-08

How to Cite

1.
Rocha ES, Vedovello Filho M, Venezian GC, Menezes CC de, Vedovello SAS. Knowledge and clinical practices of orthodontists regarding the treatment of patients with AIDS: A nationwide study. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2021Feb.8 [cited 2021Oct.27];20(00):e210699. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8660699

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