Is obesity associated with tooth loss due to caries?

A cross-sectional study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v19i0.8661088

Keywords:

Epidemiology, Tooth loss, Dental caries, Obesity

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the association between obesity, overweight, and tooth loss due to caries among university students of (Federal University of Pelotas) in southern Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study with all first-year students who regularly enrolled in the first semester of 2016 who were invited to respond to a self-administered questionnaire contain socioeconomic and demographic; psychosocial; oral health; behavioral questions. The body mass index (BMI) was calculated through the self-reported data of weight and height. The main outcome of the present study was determined by the person’s that answer having had at least one tooth extracted due to caries. A Poisson regression using a backward stepwise procedure was performed. Two models were tested: i) including socioeconomic and behavioral variables; ii) without behavioral variables. Results: From 3,237 eligible students, 2,089 (64.5%) participated in the present study. Almost 23% of students presented overweight and 8.4% obesity, whereas 362 individuals (17.5%) reported having had at least one tooth extracted due to caries. Regarding the final model adjusted by behavioral variables, it was observed that obese university students presented a 32.0% higher prevalence of tooth loss (PR=0.32,CI95%[1.17–1.49]). However, overweight was not associated with tooth loss in the present sample. When the model was not associated with behavioral variables, overweight was associated with tooth loss (PR=1.44; CI95%[1.15–1.81]), just as obesity (PR=2.13; CI95%[1.63 – 2.78]). Conclusions: Obesity and overweight were associated with tooth loss due to caries in the present sample of university students.

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Author Biographies

Luiz Alexandre Chisini, University of Vale do Taquari

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Vale do Taquari (UNIVATES); Lajeado, RS, Brazil.

Ana Beatriz de Lima Queiroz, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Filippe Vareira de Lima, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Lucas Jardim da Silva , Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Mariana Gonzalez Cademartori, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Francine dos Santos Costa, University of Vale do Taquari

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Vale do Taquari (UNIVATES); Lajeado, RS, Brazil.

Flávio Fernando Demarco, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Marcos Britto Corrêa, Federal University of Pelotas

Graduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

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Published

2021-01-05

How to Cite

1.
Chisini LA, Queiroz AB de L, Vareira de Lima F, Silva LJ da, Gonzalez Cademartori M, Costa F dos S, Demarco FF, Corrêa MB. Is obesity associated with tooth loss due to caries? A cross-sectional study. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2021 Jan. 5 [cited 2022 Sep. 28];19:e201088. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8661088

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