Banner Portal
Effect of ceramic thicknesses and opacities on water sorption and solubility of a light-curing resin cement by different units


Light-curing of dental adhesives
Resin cements

How to Cite

Cerqueira GA de, Souza LS, Soares Gomes R, Marchi GM, Mathias P. Effect of ceramic thicknesses and opacities on water sorption and solubility of a light-curing resin cement by different units. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2021 Apr. 16 [cited 2024 May 25];20(00):e211656. Available from:


Aim: This study evaluated the water sorption and solubility of a light-cured resin cement, under four thicknesses and four opacities of a lithium disilicate ceramic, also considering three light-emitting diode (LED) units. Methods: A total of 288 specimens of a resin cement (AllCem Veneer Trans – FGM) were prepared, 96 samples were light-cured by each of the three light curing units (Valo – Ultradent / Radii-Cal – SDI / Bluephase II – Ivoclar Vivadent), divided into 16 experimental conditions, according to the opacities of the ceramic: High Opacity (HO), Medium Opacity (MO), Low Translucency (LT), High Translucency (HT), and thicknesses (0.3, 0.8, 1.5, and 2.0 mm) (n = 6). The specimens were weighed at three different times: Mass M1 (after making the specimens), M2 (after 7 days of storage in water), and M3 (after dissection cycle), for calculating water sorption and solubility. Results: The higher thickness of the ceramic (2.0 mm) significantly increased the values of water sorption (44.0± 4.0) and solubility (7.8±0.6), compared to lower thicknesses. Also, the ceramic of higher opacity (HO) generated the highest values of sorption and solubility when compared to the other opacities, regardless of the thickness tested (ANOVA-3 factors / Tukey’s test, α = 0.05). There was no influence of light curing units. Conclusion: Higher thicknesses and opacities of the ceramic increased the water sorption and solubility of the tested light-cured resin cement.


Leal CL, Queiroz APV, Foxton RM, Argolo S, Mathias P, Cavalcanti AN. Water sorption and solubility of luting agents used under ceramic laminates with different degrees of translucency. Oper Dent. 2016;41(5):E141-8. doi: 10.2341/15-201-L.

Rasetto FH, Driscoll CF, Von Fraunhofer JA. Effect of light source and time on the polymerization of resin cement through ceramic veneers. J Prosthodont. 2001 Sep;10(3):133-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-849x.2001.00133.x.

Mobilio N, Fasiol A, Catapano S. Qualitative evaluation of the adesive interface between lithium disilicate, luting composite and natural tooth. Ann Stomatol (Roma). 2016 Jul;7(1-2):1-3. doi: 10.11138/ads/2016.7.1.001.

de Jesus RH, Quirino AS, Salgado V, Cavalcante LM, Palin WM, Schneider LF. Does ceramic translucency affect the degree of conversion of luting agents? Appl Adhes Sci. 2020;8(1):2-10. doi: 10.1186/s40563-020-00127-2.

Queiroz APMV, Queiroz MMV, Argolo S, Foxton RM, Mathias P, Cavalcanti AN. Effect of the ceramic translucency on the long-term water sorption and solubility of resin cements. Brazilian J Oral Sci. 2020;19:e208224. doi: 10.20396/bjos.v19i0.8658224.

Jung H, Friedl KH, Hiller KA, Furch H, Bernhart S, Schmalz G. Polymerization efficiency of different photocuring units through ceramic discs. Oper Dent. 2006;31(1):68-77. doi: 10.2341/04-188.

Peumans M, de Munck J, Fieuws S, Lambrechts P, Vanherle G, Meerbeek BV. A prospective tenyear clinical trial of porcelain veneers. J Adhes Dent. 2004 Spring;6(1):65-76.

Runnacles P, Correr GM, Baratto Filho F, Gonzaga CC, Furuse AY. Degree of conversion of a resin cement light-cured through ceramic veneers of different thicknesses and types. Braz Dent J. 2014;25(1):38-42. doi: 10.1590/0103-6440201302200.

Soares CJ, Silva NR, Fonseca RB. Influence of the feldspathic ceramic thickness and shade on the microhardness of dual resin cement. Oper Dent. 2006;31(3):384-9. doi: 10.2341/05-51.

Uctasli S, Hasanreisoglu U, Wilson HJ. The attenuation of radiation by porcelain and its effect on polymerization of resin cements. J Oral Rehabil. 1994 Sep;21(5):565-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.1994.tb01171.x.

Thonemann B, Schmalz G, Hiller KA, Schweikl H. Responses of L929 mouse fibroblasts, primary and immortalized bovine dental papilla-derived cell lines to dental resin components. Dent Mater. 2002 Jun;18(4):318-23. doi: 10.1016/s0109-5641(01)00056-2.

Rueggeberg FA, Giannini M, Arrais CAG, Price RBT. Light curing in dentistry and clinical implications: a literature review. Braz Oral Res. 2017 Aug;31(suppl 1):e61. doi: 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2017.vol31.0061.

Mese A, Burrow MF, Tyas MJ. Sorption and solubility of luting cements in different solutions. Dent Mater J. 2008 Sep;27(5):702-9. doi: 10.4012/dmj.27.702.

Gerdolle DA, Mortier E, Jacquot B, Panighi MM. Water sorption and water solubility of current luting cements: An in vitro study. Quintessence Int. 2008 Mar;39(3):e107-14.

Malacarne J, Carvalho RM, de Goes MF, Svizero N, Pashley DH, Tay FR, et al. Water sorption/solubility of dental adhesive resins. Dent Mater. 2006 Oct;22(10):973-80. doi: 10.1016/

Toledano M, Osorio R, Osorio E, Fuentes V, Prati C, Garcia-Godoy F. Sorption and solubility of resinbased restorative dental materials. J Dent. 2003 Jan;31(1):43-50. doi: 10.1016/s0300-5712(02)00083-0.

International Standard Organization. ISO 4049:2009. Dentistry — Polymer-based restorative materials. ISO; 2009.

Martins FV, Vasques WF, Fonseca EM. How the variations of the thickness in ceramic restorations of lithium disilicate and the use of different photopolymerizers influence the degree of conversion of the resin cements: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Prosthodont. 2019 Jan;28(1):e395-e403. doi: 10.1111/jopr.12920.

Lee JW, Cha HS, Lee JH. Curing efficiency of various resin-based materials polymerized through different ceramic thicknesses and curing time. J Adv Prosthodont. 2011 Sep;3(3):126-31. doi: 10.4047/jap.2011.3.3.126.

Calgaro PAM, Furuse AY, Correr GM, Ornaghi BP, Gonzaga CC. Influence of the interposition of ceramic spacers on the degree of conversion and the hardness of resin cements. Braz Oral Res. 2013;27(5):403-9. doi: 10.1590/S1806-83242013000500004.

Jafari Z, Alaghehmand H, Samani Y, Mahdian M, Khafri S. Light transmittance of CAD/CAM ceramics with different shades and thicknesses and microhardness of the underlying light-cured resin cement. Restor Dent Endod. 2018 Jun;43(3):e27. doi: 10.5395/rde.2018.43.e27.

Stawarczyk B, Awad D, Ilie N. Blue-light transmittance of esthetic monolithic CAD/CAM materials with respect to their composition, thickness, and curing conditions. Oper Dent. 2016;41(5):531-40. doi: 10.2341/15-252-L.

Liebermann A, Freitas Rafael C, Colle Kauling AE, Edelhoff D, Ueda K, Seiffert A et al. Transmittance of visible and blue light through zirconia. Dent Mater J. 2018 Sep 30;37(5):812-7. doi: 10.4012/dmj.2016-287.

American National Standard/American Dental Association specification no. 27 for resin-based filling materials. Chicago: American Dental Association, Council on Scientific Affairs; 1993

Archegas LRP, de Menezes Caldas DB, Rached RN, Soares P, Souza EM. Effect of ceramic veneer opacity and exposure time on the polymerization efficiency of resin cements. Oper Dent. 2012;37(3):281-9. doi: 10.2341/11-134-L.

Koch A, Kroeger M, Hartung M, Manetsberger I, Hiller k, Schmalz G et al. Influence of ceramic translucency on curing efficacy of different light-curing units. J Adhes Dent. 2007 Oct;9(5):449-62.

Wambier L, Malaquias T, Wambier DS, Patzlaff RT, Bauer J, Loguercio AD et al. Effects of prolonged light exposure times on water sorption, solubility and cross-linking density of simplified etch-andrinse adhesives. J Adhes Dent. 2014 Jun;16(3):229-34. doi: 10.3290/j.jad.a32034.

Alshalia RZ, Salimc NA, Satterthwaitea JD, Silikas N. Long-term sorption and solubility of bulk-fill and conventional resin-composites in water and artificial saliva. J Dent. 2015 Dec;43(12):1511-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2015.10.001.

Muller JÁ, Rohr N, Fischer J. Evaluation of ISO 4049: water sorption and water solubility of resin cements. Eur J Oral Sci. 2017 Apr;125(2):141-50. doi: 10.1111/eos.12339.

Reis AF, Giannini M, Pereira PNR. Influence of water-storage time on the sorption and solubility behavior of current adhesives and primer/adhesive mixtures. Oper Dent. 2007;32(1):53-9. doi: 10.2341/06-13.

Chaves P, Graciano FMO, Bim Junior O, Pedreira APRV, Manso AP, Wang L. Water interaction with dental luting cements by means of sorption and solubility. Braz Dent Sci. 2013;15(4):29-35. doi: 10.14295/bds.2012.v15i4.826.

Calheiros FC, Braga RR, Kawano Y, Ballester RY. Relationship between contraction stress and degree of conversion in restorative composites. Dent Mater. 2004 Dec;20(10):939-46. doi: 10.1016/

Price RBT. Light curing in Dentistry. Dent. Clin. North Am. 2017 Oct;61(4):751-78. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2017.06.008.

de Oliveira DCRS, Rocha MG, Correa IC, Correr AB, Ferracane JL, Sinhoreti MAC. The effect of combining photoinitiator systems on the color and curing profile of resin-based composites. Dent Mater. 2016 Oct;32(10):1209-17. doi: 10.1016/

Jandt KD, Mills RW. A brief history of LED photopolymerization. Dent Mater. 2013 Jun;29(6):605-17. doi: 10.1016/

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2021 Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences


Download data is not yet available.