Clinical and behavioral conditions in oral health of volleyball and soccer athletes
a cross-sectional study
Keywords:Oral Health, Sports, Athletic performance
Aim: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the oral hygiene habits, oral health conditions, and the perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance of youth and professional volleyball and soccer athletes. Methods: A total of 96 male athletes participated: 48 volleyball players (25 youth and 23 professional players); and 48 soccer players, of whom 22 were youth, and 26 were professional players. We analyzed the oral hygiene and oral health condition (daily toothbrush, flossing, mouthwash, dental plaque, orthodontic treatment, dental/facial trauma, temporomandibular dysfunction, malocclusion, and the athletes’ perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance (yes or no)). Comparisons were made between the youth and professional athletes for each sport (volleyball and soccer). According to each variable, we applied the Chi-square, Fisher’s Exact, and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: For soccer athletes, we found significant differences between youth and professionals for: flossing (p=0.014), orthodontic treatment (p=0.028), dental/facial trauma (p=0.041), and the athletes’ perception about oral health and physical performance (p<0.001). Considering the category (youth and professional) regardless of the type of sport, we found significant differences for dental plaque (p=0.024) and dental/facial trauma (p=0.005). According to the sport (volleyball and soccer), independent of the category, we found significant differences for daily brushing, dental/facial trauma (p=0.005), and the athletes’ perception about oral health and physical performance (p=0.006). Conclusion: We concluded that the surveyed athletes had good oral health and believed that oral health can influence sports performance.
Ashley P, Di Iorio A, Cole E, Tanday A, Needleman I. Oral health of elite athletes and association with performance: a systematic review. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(1):14-9. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-093617.
Knapik JJ, Hoedebecke BL, Rogers GG, Sharp MA, Marshall SW. Effectiveness of mouthguards for the prevention of orofacial injuries and concussions in sports: systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2019;49(8):1217-32. doi: 10.1007/s40279-019-01121-w.
Gay-Escoda C, Vieira-Duarte-Pereira DM, Ardevol J, Pruna R, Fernandez J, Valmaseda-Castellon E. Study of the effect of oral health on physical condition of professional soccer players of the Football Club Barcelona. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2011;16(3):e436-9. doi: 10.4317/medoral.16.e436.
Rodd HD, Chesham DJ. Sports-related oral injury and mouthguard use among Sheffield school children. Community Dent Health. 1997;14(1):25-30.
Gallagher J, Ashley P, Petrie A, Needleman I. Oral health and performance impacts in elite and professional athletes. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2018;46(6):563-8. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12392.
Needleman I, Ashley P, Petrie A, Fortune F, Turner W, Jones J, et al. Oral health and impact on performance of athletes participating in the London 2012 Olympic Games: a cross-sectional study. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(16):1054-8. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092891.
Márquez-Hidalgo J, Zamora-Campos D, Acurio-Benavente P, Kinoshita-Rivas H, López-Rodriguez G, Moreno-Sekula K, et al. Relationship between the quality of life and oral health in athletes at a Peruvian university. Gen Dent. 2020;68(5):73-7.
Needleman I, Ashley P, Fine P, Haddad F, Loosemore M, de Medici A, et al. Oral health and elite sport performance. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(1):3-6. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-093804.
De Souza AL, Elmadjian T, Brito e Dias R, Coto N. Prevalence of malocclusions in the 13-20-year-old categories of football athletes. Braz Oral Res. 2011;25:19-22. doi: 10.1590/S1806-83242011000100004.
Leroux E, Leroux S, Maton F, Ravalec X, Sorel O. Influence of dental occlusion on the athletic performance of young elite rowers: a pilot study. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2018;73:e453. doi: 10.6061/clinics/2017/e453.
Ainamo J, Bay I. Problems and proposals for recording gingivitis and plaque. Int Dent J. 1975;25(4):229-35.
Durham J, Newton-John TR, Zakrzewska JM. Temporomandibular disorders. BMJ. 2015 Mar;350:h1154. doi: 10.1136/bmj.h1154.
Weiler RM, Vitalle MS, Mori M, Kulik MA, Ide L, Pardini SR, et al. Prevalence of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular dysfunction in male adolescent athletes and non-athletes. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2010;74(8):896-900. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2010.05.007.
Rocha HPAd, Bartholo TL, Melo LBSd, Soares AJG. [Young Sportsmen: professionalization in soccer and formation in school]. Motriz: J Phys Ed. 2011;17(2):252-63. Portuguese. doi: 10.5016/1980-6574.2011v17n2p252.
Franz CE, Cook K. Utilisation of social determinants of health to improve education among youth in Dominican baseball academies. Health Soc Care Community. 2020;28(2):423-30. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12874.
Bastos JL, Boing AF, Peres KG, Antunes JL, Peres MA. Periodontal outcomes and social, racial and gender inequalities in Brazil: a systematic review of the literature between 1999 and 2008. Cad Saude Publica. 2011;27 Suppl 2:S141-53. doi: 10.1590/s0102-311x2011001400003.
Broadbent JM, Thomson WM, Boyens JV, Poulton R. Dental plaque and oral health during the first 32 years of life. J Am Dent Assoc. 2011;142(4):415-26. doi: 10.14219/jada.archive.2011.0197.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
The Brazilian Journal of Oral Sciences uses the Creative Commons license (CC), thus preserving the integrity of the articles in an open access environment.