Clinical and behavioral conditions in oral health of volleyball and soccer athletes

a cross-sectional study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v20i00.8663400

Keywords:

Oral Health, Sports, Athletic performance

Abstract

Aim: In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the oral hygiene habits, oral health conditions, and the perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance of youth and professional volleyball and soccer athletes. Methods: A total of 96 male athletes participated: 48 volleyball players (25 youth and 23 professional players); and 48 soccer players, of whom 22 were youth, and 26 were professional players. We analyzed the oral hygiene and oral health condition (daily toothbrush, flossing, mouthwash, dental plaque, orthodontic treatment, dental/facial trauma, temporomandibular dysfunction, malocclusion, and the athletes’ perception about the influence of oral health conditions on the physical performance (yes or no)). Comparisons were made between the youth and professional athletes for each sport (volleyball and soccer). According to each variable, we applied the Chi-square, Fisher’s Exact, and Mann-Whitney tests. Results: For soccer athletes, we found significant differences between youth and professionals for: flossing (p=0.014), orthodontic treatment (p=0.028), dental/facial trauma (p=0.041), and the athletes’ perception about oral health and physical performance (p<0.001). Considering the category (youth and professional) regardless of the type of sport, we found significant differences for dental plaque (p=0.024) and dental/facial trauma (p=0.005). According to the sport (volleyball and soccer), independent of the category, we found significant differences for daily brushing, dental/facial trauma (p=0.005), and the athletes’ perception about oral health and physical performance (p=0.006). Conclusion: We concluded that the surveyed athletes had good oral health and believed that oral health can influence sports performance.

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Author Biographies

Jullian Josnei de Souza, Ponta Grossa State University

Department of Dentistry, Ponta Grossa State University, PR, Brazil.

Juliana Squizatto Leite, Ponta Grossa State University

Department of Dentistry, Ponta Grossa State University, PR, Brazil.

Ricardo Bahls, Private practice

Private practice, Ponta Grossa, PR, Brazil.

Rodrigo Stanislawczuk Grande, Campos Gerais Higher Education Center

Department of Dentistry, Campos Gerais Higher Education Center (CESCAGE), Ponta Grossa – PR, Brazil.
Department of Dentistry, Ponta Grossa State University, PR, Brazil.

Fabio André Santos, Ponta Grossa State University

Department of Dentistry, Ponta Grossa State University, PR, Brazil.

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Published

2021-02-10

How to Cite

1.
Souza JJ de, Leite JS, Bahls R, Stanislawczuk Grande R, Santos FA. Clinical and behavioral conditions in oral health of volleyball and soccer athletes: a cross-sectional study. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2021Feb.10 [cited 2022Jan.21];20(00):e213400. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8663400

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Section

Original Research