Effect of Spondias mombin L. extract on the wettability, roughness, color and morphology of bovine enamel

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v20i00.8663736

Keywords:

Phytotherapy, Anacardiaceae, Mouthwashes, Dental enamel, Surface properties

Abstract

Although Spondias mombin L. extract has an excellent antimicrobial effect against oral microorganisms, it should be clarified how it affects enamel surface properties. Aim: To evaluate the color change, wettability/contact angle, surface roughness and morphology of bovine enamel submitted to the Spondias mombin L. extract. Methods: Thirty bovine teeth were distributed into the following groups: 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate, 1:32 Spondias mombin L. extract and distilled water. Color change (CC) was evaluated after immerging specimens into the solutions for 14 days. Surface roughness (Ra) was measured using a roughness meter; wettability/contact angles (CA) were determined by the sessile drop method, and scanning electron microscopy images were obtained to characterize the morphology (SMA). The pH of the solutions was evaluated using a pHmeter. The Ra, CA, and CC data were parametric (Kolmogorov-Smirnov; p>0.05). Two-way ANOVA (for Ra and CA) and one-way ANOVA (for CC) with Tukey’s posthoc tests at a significance level of 5% were used. SMA was analyzed descriptively. Results: The Spondias mombin L. extract revealed an acidic pH, and when in contact with the bovine teeth, it increased the wettability, but it did not cause statistically significant differences in the Ra. Spondias mombin L. extract caused the highest color change. The SEM images showed differences in the specimens’ surface submitted to the extract compared to the other groups. Conclusion: Spondias mombin L. extract provided negative effects on bovine enamel’s surface, including a high color change and a more wettable substrate.

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Author Biographies

Franciara Maria Gomes Alves, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Departamento of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal/RN, Brazil.

Thaís Oliveira Cordeiro , Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Departamento of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal/RN, Brazil.

Ana Margarida dos Santos Melo, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Departamento of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal/RN, Brazil.

Larissa Sgarbosa de Araújo Matuda, University of West Paulista

University of West Paulista (UNOESTE), São Paulo/SP, Brazil.

Daniela Lopes da Silva Amorieli, University of West Paulista

University of West Paulista (UNOESTE), São Paulo/SP, Brazil.

Joselucia da Nóbrega Dias, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Departamento of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal/RN, Brazil.

Boniek Castillo Dutra Borges, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Departamento of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal/RN, Brazil.

Ruthineia Diógenes Alves Uchôa Lins, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Departamento of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal/RN, Brazil.

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Published

2021-05-20

How to Cite

1.
Gomes Alves FM, Cordeiro TO, dos Santos Melo AM, Matuda LS de A, Lopes da Silva Amorieli D, Dias J da N, Borges BCD, Lins RDAU. Effect of Spondias mombin L. extract on the wettability, roughness, color and morphology of bovine enamel. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2021 May 20 [cited 2022 Sep. 30];20(00):e213736. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8663736

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