The psychological impact of social distancing related to the covid-19 pandemic on undergraduate and graduate students in Brazil

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v21i00.8666698

Keywords:

Coronavirus infections, COVID-19, Patient health questionnaire, Anxiety, Students, dental

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the psychological impact of COVID-19 on undergraduate and graduate students of the Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. Methods: Three questionnaires were used: sociodemographic, WHO Abbreviated Quality of Life Inventory, and General Anxiety Disorder-7. Data were analyzed using Graph Pad Prism 7a (α = 5%). Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post-tests were used for statistical comparisons. The Spearman test was used as the correlation test. Results: 257 students responded to the online form that assessed their quality of life and anxiety level. On a scale from 1 to 100, with 100 being the best quality of life, the average obtained was 64.71 (± 13.36). In addition, 87.6% of the students rated their quality of life as good or very good. 74.7% reported good or very good health. The anxiety analysis resulted in an average of 10.04 (± 4.5), indicating moderate anxiety levels. There was an inversely proportional correlation between age and degree of anxiety (p = 0.008, r = -0.1628) and self-perceived learning and student commitment (r = 0.69). Conclusion: Despite the good quality of life and the students’ good self-perception of health, they showed a moderate degree of anxiety during the social distancing caused by COVID-19, also demonstrating a decrease in interest and commitment during distance education.

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Author Biographies

Angélica Aparecida de Oliveira, University of São Paulo

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Lea Assed Bezerra da Silva, University of São Paulo

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Paulo Nelson Filho, University of São Paulo

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Carolina Maschietto Puccinelli, University of São Paulo

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Clara Marina Pereira Cavalcanti Silva, University of São Paulo

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Raquel Assed Bezerra Segato, University of São Paulo

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

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Published

2022-08-23

How to Cite

1.
Oliveira AA de, Silva LAB da, Nelson Filho P, Puccinelli CM, Silva CMPC, Segato RAB. The psychological impact of social distancing related to the covid-19 pandemic on undergraduate and graduate students in Brazil. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 23 [cited 2023 Feb. 2];21(00):e226698. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8666698

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Original Research

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