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Functional dentition and associated factors
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Keywords

Aged
Dentition
Quality of life

How to Cite

1.
Tôrres LH do N, Arenas-Márquez MJ, Silva DD da, Held RB de, Almeida TB de, Neri AL, et al. Functional dentition and associated factors: the evaluation of three indicators. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2022 Aug. 23 [cited 2024 May 28];21(00):e226709. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8666709

Abstract

Studying the different indicators of functional dentition classification can contribute to the understanding of the associated factors, and thus help in the definition of strategies associated with oral health care. This approach has been little explored in the literature, especially when considering the older age group. Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors associated with three distinct functional dentition classification. Methods: Crosssectional exploratory study using secondary data from the Frailty in Older Brazilians (FIBRA) Project of 876 older adults living in Campinas, Brazil. The indicators of dental function assessed was number of natural teeth present, occluding pairs of teeth and the Eichner index, which were verified by trained dentists, following the World Health Organization criteria for epidemiological studies in oral health. The explanatory variable assessed was the selfperception of oral health-related quality of life measured by the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and its dimensions. It was also collected sociodemographic information such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, schooling, family income, smoking behavior and frailty status. The association was verified through Poisson regressions for number of teeth and pairs of teeth in occlusion and multinomial regression for the Eichner index, adjusted by sociodemographic and health variables. Results: Lower prevalence of participants with less than 21 teeth who negatively perceived GOHAI´s pain and discomfort dimension and higher prevalence of having less teeth among the ones that negatively perceived GOHAI´s physical and functional dimensions. No association was found between the perception of quality of life and occlusion pairs of teeth and the Eichner Index. Conclusion: Two out of three indicators assessed were associated with quality of life. Therefore, it is important to select sensitive indicators to be able to identify and better comprehend this relationship.

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v21i00.8666709
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Copyright (c) 2021 Luísa Helena do Nascimento Tôrres, María Jesús Arenas-Márquez, Débora Dias da Silva, Roberta Barros de Held, Talita Bonato de Almeida, Anita Liberalesso Neri, Maria da Luz Rosário de Sousa

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