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Temporomandibular disorders and associated comorbidities among brazilian dental students during COVID-19
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Keywords

COVID-19
Temporomandibular joint disorders
Depression
Anxiety

How to Cite

1.
Silva FT da, Knorst JK, Maracci LM, Ferrazzo VA, Liedke GS, Silva TB, et al. Temporomandibular disorders and associated comorbidities among brazilian dental students during COVID-19. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 19 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];22(00):e237397. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8667397

Abstract

Aim: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychosocial comorbidities in undergraduate dental students in a southern Brazilian university, during the COVID-19 pandemic. Also, it aimed to verify the association between psychosocial factors and TMD. Methods: Fonseca Anamnestic Index, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), a socioeconomic questionnaire, and questions about academic performance and social distancing were applied. Poisson regression analysis was used to assess the association of predictive variables with TMD. Results: The prevalence of TMD was found to be 82.4%, and more than half of the students had some degree of stress, anxiety, and depression. Students who had symptoms of stress (RR 1.11; 95% CI 1.04-1.19), anxiety (RR 1.19; 95% CI 1.12-1.27) and reported academic performance worsening (RR 1.12; 95% CI 1.07-1.19) had higher TMD scores. Conclusion: The findings suggest that TMD was highly prevalent among dental students at a federal university in southern Brazil during the pandemic, being associated with high levels of stress, anxiety, poor academic performance, and greater social distancing.

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v22i00.8667397
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Copyright (c) 2022 Francyéllen Teixeira da Silva, Jessica Klöckner Knorst, Lucas Machado Maracci, Vilmar Antônio Ferrazzo, Gabriela Salatino Liedke, Tatiana Bernardon Silva, Mariana Marquezan

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