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Bottom/top hardness ratio and dentin bonding stability of conventional and bulk-fill resin composites


Dental bonding
Composites resins
Dental materials

How to Cite

Marinho MEL do N, Sousa-Lima RX de, Chaves LV de F, Borges BCD. Bottom/top hardness ratio and dentin bonding stability of conventional and bulk-fill resin composites . Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2023 May 29 [cited 2024 May 30];22(00):e237617. Available from:


Aim: To evaluate the bottom/top hardness ratio (B/T) and the dentin bonding stability of conventional and bulk-fill resin composites in high c-factor preparations. Methods: Regular conventional (Tetric N-Ceram – TNC, and Polofil Supra – PFS), regular bulk-fill (Tetric N-Ceram Bulk fill – TBF, and Admira Fusion X-tra – AFX), and low viscosity bulk-fill resin composites (Tetric N-flow – TNF, and X-tra Base – XTB) were used to restore 180 dentin conical preparations. The specimens were randomly distributed in 12 groups (n = 15) according to the resin composites and storage time-points (24 h and six months) tested. After 24 h storage, all specimens were subjected to the bottom/top hardness ratio analysis. Then, the push-out bond strength test was performed in half of the specimens and the other half were maintained for six months on water storage before testing. The failure modes were analyzed in a stereomicroscopic. The data were analyzed statistically using one- and two-way ANOVA and Tukey post-test (p <0.05). Results: There were no statistically significant differences for the bottom/top hardness ratio among the resin composites (p>0.05). Regardless of the storage timepoint, regular bulk-fill resin composites showed the highest bond strength values statistically (p<0.05). Only conventional resin composites showed statistically lower bond strength values at six-month storage (p<0.05). Adhesive failures were more predominant for low-viscosity bulk-fill resin composites. Conclusion: Although the DoC was not affected by different materials tested, only bulk-fill resin composites did not present dentin bond strength loss after six-month of water storage.


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Copyright (c) 2022 Maria Eduarda Lima do Nascimento Marinho, Rodolfo Xavier de Sousa-Lima, Letícia Virgínia de Freitas Chaves, Boniek Castillo Dutra Borges


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