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Association of sociodemographic characteristics, mental health, and sleep quality with COVID-19 fear in an elderly Brazilian population


Mental disorder

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Carletti TM, Meira IA, Gama LT, Medeiros MMD de, Cavalcanti YW, Rodrigues Garcia RCM. Association of sociodemographic characteristics, mental health, and sleep quality with COVID-19 fear in an elderly Brazilian population. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 24 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];22(00):e238271. Available from:


 Aim: This study determined whether COVID-19 fear is correlated with sociodemographic characteristics, general health, mental health, and sleep quality in an elderly Brazilians. Methods: Elderly people aged ≥ 60 years replied to an online survey containing questions about their sociodemographic characteristics; general health; levels of stress, anxiety, and depression; sleep quality; and COVID fear. Results: Data were statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics (α = 5%). In total, 705 elderly people with mean age of 66 ± 5 years, and most (82.7%) respondents were women, graduated and from southeastern Brazil. COVID-19 fear correlated positively and moderately with sleep quality and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress (all p < 0.001). It was associated with females. Elderly people from northern and northeastern Brazil and diabetics had increased COVID-19 fear (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: The fear of COVID-19 exists among Brazilian female old people, diabetics, increases anxiety and stress symptoms, and worsen sleep quality in elderly people.


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Copyright (c) 2022 Talita Malini Carletti, Ingrid Andrade Meira, Lorena Tavares Gama, Mariana Marinho Davino de Medeiros, Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti, Renata Cunha Mateus Rodrigues Garcia


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