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Can oral health have an impact on academic performance and school absenteeism?
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Keywords

Oral health
Academic performance
Absenteeism

How to Cite

1.
Karam SA, Costa F dos S, Chisini LA, Darley R, Demarco FF, Correa MB. Can oral health have an impact on academic performance and school absenteeism? : a systematic review and meta-analysis. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2024 May 2 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];23(00):e240322. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8670322

Abstract

Aim: The study aimed to evaluate the association between oral health and academic performance and/or school absenteeism. Methods: Electronic searches were performed of the PubMed, Web of Science, SCOPUS and LILACS/BVS databases. We included observational studies that evaluated the association between dental caries, tooth loss, dental pain or oral health status with school absenteeism or academic performance. The studies had to contain a representative sample of the population: schoolchildren, children or adolescents. After the removal of duplicates, the electronic searches produced 3,789 articles. Of these, 25 studies were included in the systematic review and 13 in the meta-analysis. Results: Considering all the studies evaluated in the meta-analysis, seven articles satisfied 100% of the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal checklist, and six contained between 90% and 75% positive answers. The pooled effects showed that the chances of school absenteeism were 31% higher in subjects with dental caries (OR 1.31; 95%CI 1.12-1.54). Students with fair/poor dental health had a 50% higher chance of suffering poor academic performance (OR 1.50; 95%CI 1.22-1.84) and 34% higher chance of having problems at school (OR 1.34; 95%CI 1.06-1.70). Students with a history of toothache had a 3.7 higher chance of being absent from school (OR 6.65; 95%CI 1.60-8.32) and 71% higher chance of missing class due to toothache (OR 1.71; 95%CI 1.15-2.56). Subjects with a history of toothache had a 2.5 times higher chance of suffering poor academic performance (OR 2.58; 95% CI 2.04-3.27). Conclusion: Therefore, students with oral problems were more likely to take time off school and present inferior academic performance.

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v23i00.8670322
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Copyright (c) 2024 Sarah Arangurem Karam, Francine dos Santos Costa, Luiz Alexandre Chisini, Rodrigo Darley, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marcos Britto Correa

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