Banner Portal
Burnout syndrome in peruvian dental students


Dental education
Dental students
Psychological stress

How to Cite

Ramírez-López AE, Asmat-Abanto AS. Burnout syndrome in peruvian dental students: a prevalence study. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 4 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];23(00):e241300. Available from:


Aim: Burnout syndrome describes the state of long-term physical, emotional and mental exhaustion related to work. This syndrome can cause health problems related to stress, insomnia, cardiovascular and musculoskeletal diseases, including an increase in alcohol consumption and drug use. It is important to recognize the presence of the initial signs of this syndrome, therefore this study aimed to determine the prevalence of the burnout syndrome in peruvian dental students. Methods: The study was observational, cross-sectional, and descriptive. It was carried out from September to November 2018, and it included a total of 154 dental students of four universities of La Libertad region, surveyed by census method. Three were private universities and one was public. Burnout was evaluated through the Maslach Burnout Student Survey Questionnaire (MBI-SS). The results were presented in absolute and percentage frequencies, as well as confidence intervals, using double-entry tables. Results: It was found that 24.68% of the students (24.71% in male students and 24.64% in female students) presented burnout syndrome. The public university of Trujillo presented the highest percentage of affected students (47.37%). A prevalence of 53,90% of emotional exhaustion was also found among the students under evaluation. Conclusions: Almost a quarter of the students surveyed presented burnout. It was also observed that the public University of Trujillo had a higher percentage of burnout than the three private ones. The percentage of prevalence of the burnout syndrome according to sex was similar. However according to dimensions, emotional exhaustion presented the highest percentage.


Chohan L, Dewa CS, El-Badrawy W, Nainar SMH. Occupational burnout and depression among paediatric dentists in the United States. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2020 Sep;30(5):570-577. doi: 10.1111/ipd.12634.

Nangle MR, Henry JD, von Hippel C, Kjelsaas K. An empirical study of how emotion dysregulation and social cognition relate to occupational burnout in dentistry. Br Dent J. 2019 Aug;227(4):285-290. doi: 10.1038/s41415-019-0620-0.

Collin V, O'Selmo E, Whitehead P. Stress, psychological distress, burnout and perfectionism in UK dental students. Br Dent J. 2020 Nov;229(9):605-614. doi: 10.1038/s41415-020-2281-4.

Salmela-Aro K, Read S. Sudy engagement and burnout profiles among finnish higher education students. Brun Res. 2017 Dec;7:21-8. doi: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.11.001.

Liu H, Yansane AI, Zhang Y, Fu H, Hong N, Kalenderian E. Burnout and study engagement among medical students at Sun Yat-sen University, China: A cross-sectional study. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Apr;97(15):e0326. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000010326.

Kogoj TK, Cebašek-Travnik Z, Zaletel-Kragelj L. Role of stress in burnout among students of medicine and dentistry--a study in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Faculty of Medicine. Coll Antropol. 2014 Sep;38(3):879-87.

Montero-Marin J, Monticelli F, Casas M, Roman A, Tomas I, Gili M, et al. Burnout syndrome among dental students: a short version of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire" adapted for students (BCSQ-12-SS). BMC Med Educ. 2011 Dec 12;11:103. doi: 10.1186/1472-6920-11-103.

Villwock JA, Sobin LB, Koester LA, Harris TM. Impostor syndrome and burnout among American medical students: a pilot study. Int J Med Educ. 2016 Oct 31;7:364-369. doi: 10.5116/ijme.5801.eac4.

Scholz M, Neumann C, Ropohl A, Paulsen F, Burger PHM. Risk factors for mental disorders develop early in German students of dentistry. Ann Anat. 2016 Nov;208:204-207. doi: 10.1016/j.aanat.2016.06.004.

Vered Y, Zaken Y, Ovadia-Gonen H, Mann J, Zini A. Professional burnout: Its relevance and implications for the general dental community. Quintessence Int. 2014 Jan;45(1):87-90. doi: 10.3290/j.qi.a30763.

Ghali SM, Awood AM. Burnout syndrome among undergraduate clinical dental students in Sudan. J Educ Ethics Dent. 2013;3(3):71-5. doi: 10.4103/0974-7761.136049.

Chunming WM, Harrison R, MacIntyre R, Travaglia J, Balasooriya C. Burnout in medical students: a systematic review of experiences in Chinese medical schools. BMC Med Educ. 2017 Nov 16;17(1):217. doi: 10.1186/s12909-017-1064-3.

Atalayin C, Balkis M, Tezel H, Onal B, Kayrak G. The prevalence and consequences of burnout on a group of preclinical dental students. Eur J Dent. 2015 Jul-Sep;9(3):356-363. doi: 10.4103/1305-7456.163227.

Wilkinson H, Whittington R, Perry L, Eames C. Examining the relationship between burnout and empathy in healthcare professionals: A systematic review. Burn Res. 2017 Sep;6:18-29. doi: 10.1016/j.burn.2017.06.003.

Reis D, Xanthopoulou D, Tsaousis I. Measuring jod and academic burnout with the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI):factorial incariance across samples and countries. Brun Res. 2015 Mar;2(1):8-18. doi: 10.1016/j.burn.2014.11.001.

Sufia S, Latif W. Burnout among undergraduate dental students at a public academic institution in Karachi,Pakistan. J Pak Dent Assoc. 2016 Oct-Dec;25(4):131-6.

Pérez-Mármol JM, Brown T. An examintation of the structural validity of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) using the rasch measurement model. Health Prof Educ. 2018 Sep;5(3):259-74. doi: 10.1016/j.hpe.2018.05.004.

Singh P, Aulak DS, Mangat SS, Aulak MS. Systematic review: factors contributing to burnout in dentistry. Occup Med (Lond). 2016 Jan;66(1):27-31. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqv119.

Simancas-Pallares MA, Fortich Mesa N, González Martínez FD. Validez y consistencia interna del Inventario Maslach para burnout en estudiantes de Odontología de Cartagena, Colombia [Validity and internal consistency of the Maslach Burnout Inventory in Dental Students from Cartagena, Colombia]. Rev Colomb Psiquiatr. 2017 Apr-Jun;46(2):103-109. Spanish. doi: 10.1016/j.rcp.2016.02.003.

Corrales-Reyes I, Villegas-Maestre J, Vitón-Castillo A, Tusell-Hormigó D, Mamani-Benito O, Carranza-Esteban R. [Validity and reliability of an academic procrastination scale in Cuban dental students]. Rev Cub Med Mil. 2022;51(3):e02201826. Spanish.

Kwak EJ, Ji YA, Baek SH, Baek YS. High levels of burnout and depression in a population of senior dental students in a school of dentistry in Korea. J Dent Sci. 2021 Jan;16(1):65-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jds.2020.07.009.

Mafla AC, Villa-Torres L, Polychronopoulou A, Polanco H, Moreno-Juvinao V, Parra-Galvis D, et al. Burnout prevalence and correlates amongst Colombian dental students: the STRESSCODE study. Eur J Dent Educ. 2015 Nov;19(4):242-50. doi: 10.1111/eje.12128.

Jin MU, Jeong SH, Kim EK, Choi YH, Song KB. Burnout and its related factors in Korean dentists. Int Dent J. 2015 Feb;65(1):22-31. doi: 10.1111/idj.12142.

Huri M, Bağış N, Eren H, Umaroğlu M, Orhan K. Association between burnout and depressive symptoms among Turkish dentists. J Dent Sci. 2016 Dec;11(4):353-359. doi: 10.1016/j.jds.2016.03.006.

Jha AK, Iliff AR, Chaoui AA, Waltham MA. Massachusetts Medical Society, Massachusetts Health and Hospital Association, Harvard T.H. A Crisis in Health Care: A Call to Action on Physician Burnout. Chan School of Public Health, and Harvard Global Health Institute. 2019 Jan [cited 2019 mar 20]. Available from:

World Health Organization. Burn-out an “occupational phenomenon”: International Classification of Diseases. 2019 May [cited 2022 Jun 20]. Available from:

Meyerson J, Gelkopf M, Eli I, Uziel N. Burnout and professional quality of life among Israeli dentists: the role of sensory processing sensitivity. Int Dent J. 2020 Feb;70(1):29-37. doi: 10.1111/idj.12523.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2024 Ana Elizabeth Ramírez-López, Angel Steven Asmat-Abanto


Download data is not yet available.