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Color and surface roughness alterations of bulk-fill resin composites submitted to simulated toothbrushing with whitening dentifrices


Composite resin
Bleaching agents

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Charamba C de F, Costa MMA, Lima RBW e, Duarte RM, Montes MAJR, Batista AUD, et al. Color and surface roughness alterations of bulk-fill resin composites submitted to simulated toothbrushing with whitening dentifrices. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 10 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];23(00):e241390. Available from:


Aim: To evaluate the surface roughness and color stability of bulk-fill resin composites after simulated toothbrushing with whitening dentifrices. The radioactive/relative dentin abrasion (RDA) and radioactive/relative enamel abrasion (REA) of dentifrices were also assessed. Methods: Specimens (n=10) of Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill (TNCB), Filtek One Bulk Fill (FOB) resin composites, and Z100(Control) were prepared using a cylindrical Teflon matrix. Surface roughness (Ra, μm) was assessed by a roughness meter and the color evaluations (ΔEab , ΔE00 , WID ) were performed using a digital spectrophotometer based on the CIELAB system. Three measurements were performed per sample, before and after simulated toothbrushing with 3D Oral-B White Perfection (3DW) and Black is White (BW) dentifrices. The abrasivity (REA and RDA values) of the used dentifrices was also determined by the Hefferren abrasivity test. Results: The Ra values increased significantly in all resin composites after 3DW and BW toothbrushing. The acceptable threshold color varied among resin composites, and TNCB and Z100 presented the highest ΔEab and ΔE00 for BW dentifrice. The 3DW dentifrice was significantly more abrasive than BW dentifrice on enamel and dentin. Conclusions: simulated toothbrushing with tested whitening dentifrices increased the surface roughness at acceptable levels. The Tetric N Ceram Bulk-fill and Z100 composite showed the highest color alteration in BW. 3D White Perfection dentifrice was more abrasive on dentin and enamel than Black is White.


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Copyright (c) 2024 Caroline de Farias Charamba, Mariana Melani Alexandrino Costa, Renally Bezerra Wanderley e Lima, Rosângela Marques Duarte, Marcos Antônio Japiassú Rezende Montes, André Ulisses Dantas Batista, Ana Karina Maciel Andrade


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