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Microbiological profile and antibiotic sensitivity of maxillofacial infections in an emergency hospital
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Keywords

Bacteria
Anti-bacterial agents
Surgical wound infection
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons
Dental Focal infection

How to Cite

1.
Paula LM de, Zancopé E. Microbiological profile and antibiotic sensitivity of maxillofacial infections in an emergency hospital. Braz. J. Oral Sci. [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 11 [cited 2024 Jun. 14];23(00):e242836. Available from: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/bjos/article/view/8672836

Abstract

Aim: To investigate the bacteriological profile of oral and maxillofacial infections and the pattern of sensitivity to a specific group of antibiotics in a reference emergency hospital in Brazil. Methods: This is a prospective cohort institutional study that studied patients affected by oral and/ or maxillofacial infections in a Brazilian emergency hospital, over a 12-month period, of different etiologies, through data collection, culture and antibiogram tests, and monitoring of the process of resolution of the infectious condition. The variables were analyzed using the chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests, using a significance level of 5%. Results: The sample consisted of 61 patients, 62.3% male. The mean age of participants was 34.3 years. Odontogenic infection was the most frequent etiology and the submandibular space was the most affected. The bacterial species Streptococcus viridans was isolated in 21.6% of cases. Levofloxacin, vancomycin and penicillin were the antibiotics with the highest frequency of bacterial sensitivity, while clindamycin and erythromycin showed the highest percentages of resistance. Conclusions: The results suggest that, among the most used antibiotics for the treatment of these infections, penicillin remains an excellent option of choice for empirical therapy.

https://doi.org/10.20396/bjos.v23i00.8672836
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Copyright (c) 2024 Laiz Moreira de Paula, Eduardo Zancopé

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