A performance da masculinidade portenha no churrasco

Autores

  • Jeffrey Tobin Occidental College,Los Angeles, California

Palavras-chave:

Gênero. Performance. Masculinidade

Resumo

As teorias da performatividade queer, bem como as da performance ritual e da performance teatral, contribuem para o entendimento do gênero e da sexualidade. Cada um desses corpos de teoria, no entanto, sofre limitações que os outros corpos de teoria podem corrigir. Essas correções não têm aparecido mais porque poucos acadêmicos atravessam as fronteiras disciplinares. Os teóricos da performatividade queer concluem que a performance de gênero enquanto tal é paródica, carnavalesca ou de outra forma subversiva. Este artigo, baseado numa pesquisa etnográfica sobre a performance culinária da masculinidade na Argentina, questiona a performance de gênero enquanto ato subversivo, colocando-a, muitas vezes, como uma representação do privilégio.

Abstract


Theories of queer performativity, ritual performance, and staged performance all contribute to our understanding of gender and sexuality. Each body of theory, however, is limited in ways that the other bodies of theory can correct. These corrections have not been forthcoming because too few scholars read across disciplines. Queer performativity theorists have concluded that gender performance as such is parodic, carnivalesque, or otherwise subversive. I use ethnographic research on a culinary performance of masculinity in Argentina to argue that gender performance is not always a subversive act; sometimes it is an enactment of privilege.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Jeffrey Tobin, Occidental College,Los Angeles, California

Professor associado da Occidental College, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

Referências

ARCHETTI, Eduardo P. The potrero and the pibe: territory and belonging in the mythical account of Argentinian football. Paper presented at the Encuentro Internacional de la Articulación Social a la Globalización en la Antropología Latinoamericana, Buenos Aires, 15 August, 1996, p.10.

AUSTIN, J. L. How to Do Things with Words. Second Edition, Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1961.

BODDY, Janice. Womb as oasis: the symbolic context of pharaonic circumcision in rural Northern Sudan. In: LANCASTER, Roger N. and DI LEONARDO, Micaela. (eds.) The Gender/Sexuality Reader: Culture, History, Political Economy. New York, Routledtge, 1997.

BUTLER, Judith. Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex”. New York, Routledge, 1993.

BUTLER, Judith. Critically queer. GLQ 1(1): 17-32, 1993b

BUTLER, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. London, Routledge, 1990.

CASE, Sue-Ellen. The Domain Maitrix: Performing Lesbian and the End of Print Culture. Bloomington, University of Indiana Press, 1996.

DERRIDA, Jacques. Limited Inc. Evanston, Northwestern University Press, 1988.

DERRIDA, Jacques. Of Grammatology. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press, 1976, p.326. (Translated by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak.)

ECO, Umberto. Semiotics of theatrical performance. TDR 21:107-117, 1977.

FELMAN, Shoshana. The Literary Speech Act. Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1983. (Translated by Catherine Porter).

HART, Lynda. Identity and seduction: lesbians in the mainstream. In: HART, Lynda and PHELAN, Peggy. (eds.) Acting Out: Feminist Performances. Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1993.

HERDT, Gilbert. Sambia boys’ ritual initiation. In: Same Sex, Different Cultures: Exploring Gay and Lesbian Lives. Boulder, Westview Press. 1997.

HERNÁNDEZ, José. Martín Fierro. Buenos Aires, Editorial Altamira, 1992, p.15.

HOLMLUND, Chris. Masculinity as multiple masquerade: the “mature” Stallone and the Stallone clone. In: COHAN, Steven and ERA, Ina. (eds.) Screening the Male: Exploring Masculinities in Hollywood Cinema. HarkLondon, Routledge, 1993.

LIMÓN, José E. Dancing with the Devil: Society and Cultural Poetics in Mexican-American South Texas. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1994, p.127.

MAGNE, Claudia. (producer.) El Gran Libro de la Cocina Argentina. Buenos Aires, Emecé, 1991, p.8.

MASOTTA, Oscar. Edipo, castración, perversión. Ensayos Lacanianos. Barcelona, Editorial Anagrama, 1976, p.185.

MIRAD, Raúl. Manual del Asado-maker Argentino. Montevideo, New Sisley S.A., 1991, p.67.

MODLESKI, Tania. Feminism Without Women: Culture and Criticism in a “Postfeminist” Age. New York, Routledge, 1991.

MOSSE, George L. Nationalism and Sexuality: Middle-Class Morality and Sexual Norms in Modern Europe. Madison, University of Wisconsin Press, 1985, p.67.

PHELAN, Peggy. Unmarked: The Politics of Performance. New York, Routledge, 1993.

REINELT, Janelle. Staging the invisible: the crisis of visibility in theatrical representation. Text and Performance Quarterly, 14: 1-11, 1994.

RIVIERE, Joan. Womanliness as masquerade. In: BURGIN, Victor; DONALD, James and KAPLAN, Cora. Formations of Fantasy. London, Methuen, 1986.

ROMANO, Eduardo. (editor) Las Letras del Tango: Antología Cronológica, 1900-1980. Buenos Aires, Editorial Fundación Ross, 1990, pp.301-302.

SÁBATO, Ernesto. Tango: Discusión y clave. Third Edition, Buenos Aires, Editorial Losada, 1963, p.15.

SALESSI, Jorge. Médicos, Maleantes y Maricas: Higiene, Criminología y Homosexualidad en la Construcción de la Nación Argentina (Buenos Aires 1871-1914). Rosario, Beatriz Viterbo Editora, 1995, p.196.

SAVIGLIANO, Marta E. Malevos llorones y percantas retobadas: el tango como espectáculo de razas, clases e imperialismo. Relaciones de la Sociedad Argentina de Antropología 19, 1994, p.85.

SAVIGLIANO, Marta E. Tango and the Political Economy of Passion. Boulder, Westview Press, 1995, p.43.

SEDGWICK, Eve Kosofsky. Queer performativity: Henry James’s The Art of the Novel. GLQ 1(1): 1-16, 1993.

TASKER, Yvonne. Dumb movies for dumb people: masculinity, the body, and the voice in contemporary action cinema. In: COHAN, Steven and HARK, Ina Era. (eds.) Screening the Male: Exploring Masculinities in Hollywood Cinema. London, Routledge, 1993, pp.243.

TOBIN, Beth Fowkes. Picturing Imperial Power: Colonial Subjects in Eighteenth-Century British Painting. Durham, Duke University Press, 1999, p.90.

TURNER, Victor. Dramas, Fields, and Metaphors: Symbolic Action in Human Society. Ithaca, Cornell University Press, 1974.

WALLERSTEIN, Immanuel. The Modern World-System I: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. San Diego, Academic Press, 1974, p.351.

WILLIAMS, Raymond. The Country and the City. New York, Oxford University Press, 1973.

Downloads

Publicado

2015-05-20

Como Citar

TOBIN, J. A performance da masculinidade portenha no churrasco. Cadernos Pagu, Campinas, SP, n. 12, p. 301–329, 2015. Disponível em: https://periodicos.sbu.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/cadpagu/article/view/8634922. Acesso em: 24 out. 2021.