Banner Portal
Marianne North: uma naturalista do século dezenove no Brasil?


Gênero. Geografia feminista. Arte botânica. Viagens

Como Citar

Dickenson, J. (2015). Marianne North: uma naturalista do século dezenove no Brasil?. Cadernos Pagu, (15), 145–164. Recuperado de



Marianne North (1830-90) é uma figura enigmática na “arte” e na “ciência” da Inglaterra vitoriana. A maioria dos historiadores da arte e da ciência a veria como marginal nos dois campos. Este trabalho não passa de uma tentativa preliminar de pôr a obra desta artista, viajante e escritora do século dezenove, no contexto dos trabalhos recentes sobre gênero em geografia, arte botânica, história natural e ciência. Como ficará claro, trata-se de um exercício essencialmente exploratório e Marianne North não é fácil de ser situada nesses contextos.


Marianne North (1830-1890) is an enigmatic figure in “art” and “science” in Victorian England. Most historians of art and of science would regard her as marginal in both of these fields. The present paper is no more than a preliminary attempt to set the work of this nineteenth century female artist, traveler, and author into the context of recent writing on gender in geography, botanical art, natural history and science. As will become evident, this is essentially an exploratory exercise and Marianne North does not fit easily into these contexts.


A Vision of Eden: The Life and Work of Marianne North. Exeter, Webb and Bower, 1980.

ADES, D. Art in Latin América: the Modern Era, 1820-1980. New Haven, Yale University Press, 1989, p.63.

Baltimore, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996, p.41.

BENNETT, S. Five Centuries of Women and Gardens. Londres, National Portrait Gallery, 2000.

BIRKETT, D. Spinsters Abroad: Victorian Lady Explorers. Oxford, Blackwell, 1989, p. 105.

BLUNT, W. The Art of Botanical Illustration. Londres, Collins, 3a. ed., 1955, p.237.

BURTON, R. F. Explorations of the Highlands of Brazil, Londres, Tinsley, 1869

CATLIN, S. L. Traveller-reporter artists and the empirical tradition in postindependence Latin America. In: ADES, D. Art in Latin América... Op. cit., p.47.

DESMOND, R. The Royal Botanical Garden, Kew: a brief history. In: STIFF, R. (org.) Margaret Mee: Return to the Amazon. Londres, Royal Botanic Gardens, 1996, p.8.

DICKENSON, J. P. Britons in Brazil: nineteenth century travelers tales as a source for Earth and Social Scientists. In: BERNECKER, W. L. e KRÖMER, G. (orgs.) Die Wiederentdeckung Lateinamerikas. Lateinamerika-Studien 38, 1997.

DOMOSH, M. “Professional female globe-trotters”: American women explorers in the early 20th century. 27th International Geographical Congress Technical Program Abstracts, 1992, p.158.

DOMOSH, M. Toward a feminist historiography of geography. Transactions Institute of British Geographers (New Series) 16, 1991, pp.95-6.

FOSTER, S. Across New Worlds. Nineteenth Century Women travelers and Their Writings. Nova Iorque, 1990

FOX-BUNBURY, C. F. Viagem de um Naturalista Inglês ao Rio de Janeiro e Minas Gerais (1833-1835). Belo Horizonte, Livraria Itatiaia, 1981

HOOKER, J. Preface. Official Guide to the North Gallery, 6th. ed., Londres, 1914, p.iii.

KRAMER, J. Women of Flowers: a Tribute to Victorian Women Illustrators. Nova Iorque, Stuart, Tabori and Chang, 1996, p.13.

MABEY, R. The Flowering of Kew. Londres, Century, 1988, pp.169 e 176

MAWE, J. Travels in the Interior of Brazil, Particularly in the Gold and Diamond Districts of That Country. Londres, Longman, 1812

MAYO, S. Margaret Mee – Life and Legacy. In: STIFF, R. (org.) Margaret Mee... Op. cit., p.18.

MC CRACKEN, D. P. Gardens of Empire: Botanical institutions of the Victorian British Empire, Londres, Leicester University Press, 1997, p.ix.

MIDDLETON, D. Victorian Lady Travellers. Londres, Kegan Paul, 1965

MONICAT, B. 19th century women’s travel narratives in France: political statements, subversive voices. 27th International Geographical Congress Technical Program Abstracts, 1992, p.429.

MORAES BELUZZO, A. M. de. Brazil Through European Eyes. Londres, Christie's, 1996, pp.22 e 25.

MOREIRA LEITE, M. A Condição Feminina no Rio de Janeiro, Século XIX. São Paulo, Hucitec, 1981, p.24.

MORGAN, S. Introduction. In: NORTH, M. Reflections of a Happy Life. Charlottesville, Webb and Bower, 1993

NORTH, M. Reflections of a Happy Life, Being the Autobiography of Marianne North. 2 vols., Londres, Macmillan, 1892

NORTH, M. Some Further Reflections of a Happy Life, Selected from the Journals of Marianne North Chiefly Between the Years 1859 and 1869. Londres, Macmillan, 1893.

PINAULT, M. The Painter as Naturalist: from Dürer to Redouté. Paris, Flamarion, 1991, p.43.

PONSONBY, L. Marianne North at Kew Gardens. Londres, 1990.

RAPHAEL, S. Women and Natural History. Oxford, Bodleian Library, 1996, p.3.

ROBINSON, J. Unsuitable for Ladies. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1995

RUSSELL, M. The Blessings of a Good Thick Skirt. Londres, Collins, 1986

SAUNDERS, G. Picturing Plants: an Analytical History of Botanical Illustration. Londres, Zwemmer, 1995, p.7.

SCRASE, D. Flower Drawings. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997.

SHERWOOD, S. Contemporary Botanical Artists. Londres, Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1996.

SHTEIR, A. B. Cultivating Women, Cultivating Places: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760 to 1860.

THOMAS, K. Man and the Natural World: Changing attitudes in England 1500- 1800. Londres, Penguin, 1984.

TINLING, M. Women Into the Unknown: a Source Book on Women Explorers and Travellers. Nova Iorque, Greenwood, 1989.

WELLS, J. W. Exploring and Travelling Three Thousand Miles Through Brazil from Rio de Janeiro to Maranhão. Londres, Sampson Low, 1886, 2 vols.


Não há dados estatísticos.